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Humphris, Susan E; Bach, Wolfgang (2005): Strontium concentrations and isotopic compositions of anhydrites from the TAG active mound. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.710795, Supplement to: Humphris, SE; Bach, W (2005): On the Sr isotope and REE compositions of anhydrites from the TAG seafloor hydrothermal syste. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69(6), 1511-1525, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2004.10.004

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Abstract:
Sr isotope analyses have been conducted on anhydrite samples from the TAG (Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse) active hydrothermal mound (26°08?N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge) that have previously been shown to exhibit two distinct patterns of REE behavior when normalized to TAG end-member hydrothermal fluid. Despite differences in REE patterns, the Sr isotope data indicate that all the anhydrites precipitated from fluids with a similar range of hydrothermal fluid and seawater components, and all but one were seawater-dominated (52%-75%).
Speciation calculations using the EQ3/6 software package for geochemical modeling of aqueous systems suggest that the REE complexation behavior in different fluid mixing scenarios can explain the variations in the REE patterns. Anhydrites that exhibit relatively flat REE patterns [(La_bs)/(Yb_bs) = 0.8-2.0; subscript bs indicates normalization to end-member black smoker hydrothermal fluid] and a small or no Eu anomaly [(Eu_bs)/(Eu*_bs) = 0.8-2.0] are inferred to have precipitated from mixes of end-member hydrothermal fluid and cold seawater. REE complexes with hard ligands (e.g., fluoride and chloride) are less stable at low temperatures and trivalent Eu has an ionic radius similar to that of Ca2+ and the other REE, and so they behave coherently. In contrast, anhydrites that exhibit slight LREE-depletion [(La_bs)/(Yb_bs) = 0.4-1.4] and a distinct negative anomaly [(Eu_bs)/(Eu*_bs) = 0.2-0.8] are inferred to have precipitated from mixes of end-member hydrothermal fluid and conductively heated seawater. The LREE depletion results from the presence of very stable LREE chloro-complexes that effectively limit the availability of the LREE for partitioning into anhydrite. Above 250°C, Eu is present only in divalent form as chloride complexes, and discrimination against Eu2+ is likely due to both the mismatch in ionic radii between Eu2+ and Ca2+, and the strong chloro-complexation of divalent Eu which promotes stability in the fluid and inhibits partitioning of Eu2+ into precipitating anhydrite. These variations in REE behavior attest to rapid fluctuations in thermal regime, fluid flow and mixing in the subsurface of the TAG mound that give rise to heterogeneity in the formation conditions of individual anhydrite crystals.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 26.136967 * Median Longitude: -44.825850 * South-bound Latitude: 26.136600 * West-bound Longitude: -44.826100 * North-bound Latitude: 26.137200 * East-bound Longitude: -44.825800
Date/Time Start: 1994-10-10T10:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1994-11-15T01:00:00
Event(s):
158-957C * Latitude: 26.137200 * Longitude: -44.825800 * Date/Time Start: 1994-10-10T10:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1994-10-14T12:45:00 * Elevation: -3548.0 m * Penetration: 49.2 m * Recovery: 21.69 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg158 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 13 cores; 49.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 44.1 % recovery
158-957E * Latitude: 26.137000 * Longitude: -44.826100 * Date/Time Start: 1994-10-15T22:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1994-10-27T21:45:00 * Elevation: -3646.0 m * Penetration: 125.7 m * Recovery: 4.03 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg158 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 18 cores; 94.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 4.3 % recovery
158-957H * Latitude: 26.136600 * Longitude: -44.825800 * Date/Time Start: 1994-10-27T11:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1994-10-30T13:15:00 * Elevation: -3655.0 m * Penetration: 54.5 m * Recovery: 5.01 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg158 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 9 cores; 45.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 10.9 % recovery
Size:
3 datasets

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