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Chazey III, William J; Neal, Clive R (2005): Platinum-group, major, and trace element abundances in ODP Leg 183 basalts. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Chazey III, WJ; Neal, CR (2005): Platinum group element constraints on source composition and magma evolution of the Kerguelen Plateau using basalts from ODP Leg 183. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69(19), 4685-4701,

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Seventeen basalts from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 183 to the Kerguelen Plateau (KP) were analyzed for the platinum-group elements (PGEs: Ir, Ru, Rh, Pt, and Pd), and 15 were analyzed for trace elements. Relative concentrations of the PGEs ranged from ~0.1 (Ir, Ru) to ~5 (Pt) times primitive mantle. These relatively high PGE abundances and fractionated patterns are not accounted for by the presence of sulfide minerals; there are only trace sulfides present in thin-section. Sulfur saturation models applied to the KP basalts suggest that the parental magmas may have never reached sulfide saturation, despite large degrees of partial melting (~30%) and fractional crystallization (~45%).
First order approximations of the fractionation required to produce the KP basalts from an ~30% partial melt of a spinel peridotite were determined using the PELE program. The model was adapted to better fit the physical and chemical observations from the KP basalts, and requires an initial crystal fractionation stage of at least 30% olivine plus Cr-spinel (49:1), followed by magma replenishment and fractional crystallization (RFC) that included clinopyroxene, plagioclase, and titanomagnetite (15:9:1). The low Pd values ([Pd/Pt]_pm < 1.7) for these samples are not predicted by currently available Kd values. These Pd values are lowest in samples with relatively higher degrees of alteration as indicated by petrographic observations. Positive anomalies are a function of the behavior of the PGEs; they can be reproduced by Cr-spinel, and titanomagnetite crystallization, followed by titanomagnetite resorption during the final stages of crystallization. Our modeling shows that it is difficult to reproduce the PGE abundances by either depleted upper or even primitive mantle sources. Crustal contamination, while indicated at certain sites by the isotopic compositions of the basalts, appears to have had a minimal affect on the PGEs. The PGE abundances measured in the Kerguelen Plateau basalts are best modeled by melting a primitive mantle source to which was added up to 1% of outer core material, followed by fractional crystallization of the melt produced. This reproduces both the abundances and patterns of the PGEs in the Kerguelen Plateau basalts. An alternative model for outer core PGE abundances requires only 0.3% of outer core material to be mixed into the primitive mantle source. While our results are clearly model dependent, they indicate that an outer core component may be present in the Kerguelen plume source.
Median Latitude: -46.899092 * Median Longitude: 84.631360 * South-bound Latitude: -59.651630 * West-bound Longitude: 68.093450 * North-bound Latitude: -32.226600 * East-bound Longitude: 97.128180
Date/Time Start: 1998-12-27T05:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-02-07T11:00:00
183-1136A * Latitude: -59.651630 * Longitude: 84.834830 * Date/Time Start: 1998-12-27T05:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-12-29T11:30:00 * Elevation: -1930.6 m * Penetration: 161.4 m * Recovery: 72.55 m * Location: Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg183 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 19 cores; 161.4 m cored; 0 m drilled; 45 % recovery
183-1137A * Latitude: -56.833050 * Longitude: 68.093450 * Date/Time Start: 1998-12-31T21:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-01-06T16:40:00 * Elevation: -1004.5 m * Penetration: 371.2 m * Recovery: 219.38 m * Location: Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg183 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 46 cores; 371.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 59.1 % recovery
183-1138A * Latitude: -53.551750 * Longitude: 75.974880 * Date/Time Start: 1999-01-07T23:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-01-31T06:15:00 * Elevation: -1141.4 m * Penetration: 842.7 m * Recovery: 411.98 m * Location: Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg183 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 89 cores; 842.7 m cored; 0 m drilled; 48.9 % recovery
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