Maher, Katharine; DePaolo, Donald J; Lin, Jo Chiu-Fang (2004): Uranium contents and isotope ratios of uranium and strontium in sediments, leachates and pore fluids from ODP Hole 162-984A. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.708717, Supplement to: Maher, K et al. (2004): Rates of silicate dissolution in deep-sea sediment; in situ measurement using 234U/238U of pore fluids. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 68(22), 4629-4648, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2004.04.024
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Bulk dissolution rates for sediment from ODP Site 984A in the North Atlantic are determined using the 234U/238U activity ratios of pore water, bulk sediment, and leachates. Site 984A is one of only several sites where closely spaced pore water samples were obtained from the upper 60 meters of the core; the sedimentation rate is high (11-15 cm/ka), hence the sediments in the upper 60 meters are less than 500 ka old. The sediment is clayey silt and composed mostly of detritus derived from Iceland with a significant component of biogenic carbonate (up to 30%).
The pore water 234U/238U activity ratios are higher than seawater values, in the range of 1.2 to 1.6, while the bulk sediment 234U/238U activity ratios are close to 1.0. The 234U/238U of the pore water reflects a balance between the mineral dissolution rate and the supply rate of excess 234U to the pore fluid by a-recoil injection of 234Th. The fraction of 238U decays that result in a-recoil injection of 234U to pore fluid is estimated to be 0.10 to 0.20 based on the 234U/238U of insoluble residue fractions. The calculated bulk dissolution rates, in units of g/g/yr are in the range of 0.0000004 to 0.000002 1/yr. There is significant down-hole variability in pore water 234U/238U activity ratios (and hence dissolution rates) on a scale of ca. 10 m. The inferred bulk dissolution rate constants are 100 to 1000 times slower than laboratory-determined rates, 100 times faster than rates inferred for older sediments based on Sr isotopes, and similar to weathering rates determined for terrestrial soils of similar age. The results of this study suggest that U isotopes can be used to measure in situ dissolution rates in fine-grained clastic materials.
The rate estimates for sediments from ODP Site 984 confirm the strong dependence of reactivity on the age of the solid material: the bulk dissolution rate (R_d) of soils and deep-sea sediments can be approximately described by the expression R_d ~ 0.1 1/age for ages spanning 1000 to 500,000,000 yr. The age of the material, which encompasses the grain size, surface area, and other chemical factors that contribute to the rate of dissolution, appears to be a much stronger determinant of dissolution rate than any single physical or chemical property of the system.
Latitude: 61.425100 * Longitude: -24.082200
Date/Time Start: 1995-07-24T10:20:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-07-25T02:46:00
162-984A * Latitude: 61.425100 * Longitude: -24.082200 * Date/Time Start: 1995-07-24T10:20:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-07-25T02:46:00 * Elevation: -1649.0 m * Penetration: 176.1 m * Recovery: 180.16 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg162 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 19 cores; 176.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 102.3 % recovery