Rudnicki, Mark D; Elderfield, Henry; Spiro, Baruch (2001): Sulphate concentrations and sulphur isotopic composition in pore fluids from ODP Leg 168 sites. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.708287, Supplement to: Rudnicki, MD et al. (2001): Fractionation of sulfur isotopes during bacterial sulfate reduction in deep ocean sediments at elevated temperatures. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 65(5), 777-789, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7037(00)00579-2
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A numerical model of sulfate reduction and isotopic fractionation has been applied to pore fluid SO4**2- and d34S data from four sites drilled during Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 168 in the Cascadia Basin at 48°N, where basement temperatures reach up to 62°C. There is a source of sulfate both at the top and the bottom of the sediment column due to the presence of basement fluid flow, which promotes bacterial sulfate reduction below the sulfate minimum zone at elevated temperatures. Pore fluid d34S data show the highest values (135 per mil) yet found in the marine environment. The bacterial sulfur isotopic fractionation factor, a, is severely underestimated if the pore fluids of anoxic marine sediments are assumed to be closed systems and Rayleigh fractionation plots yield erroneous values for a by as much as 15 per mil in diffusive and advective pore fluid regimes. Model results are consistent with a = 1.077+/-0.007 with no temperature effect over the range 1.8 to 62°C and no effect of sulfate reduction rate over the range 2 to 10 pmol/ccm/day. The reason for this large isotopic fractionation is unknown, but one difference with previous studies is the very low sulfate reduction rates recorded, about two orders of magnitude lower than literature values that are in the range of µmol/ccm/day to tens of nmol/ccm/day. In general, the greatest 34S depletions are associated with the lowest sulfate reduction rates and vice versa, and it is possible that such extreme fractionation is a characteristic of open systems with low sulfate reduction rates.
Median Latitude: 47.838860 * Median Longitude: -128.291400 * South-bound Latitude: 47.762600 * West-bound Longitude: -128.792000 * North-bound Latitude: 47.917300 * East-bound Longitude: -127.753000
Date/Time Start: 1996-06-23T09:15:00 * Date/Time End: 1996-08-05T12:33:00
168-1023A * Latitude: 47.917300 * Longitude: -128.792000 * Date/Time Start: 1996-06-23T09:15:00 * Date/Time End: 1996-06-25T02:15:00 * Elevation: -2593.3 m * Penetration: 194.5 m * Recovery: 193.05 m * Location: Juan de Fuca Ridge, North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg168 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 22 cores; 194.5 m cored; 0 m drilled; 99.3 % recovery
168-1025A * Latitude: 47.887500 * Longitude: -128.648000 * Date/Time Start: 1996-06-26T12:15:00 * Date/Time End: 1996-06-26T15:00:00 * Elevation: -2606.2 m * Penetration: 6.3 m * Recovery: 6.34 m * Location: Juan de Fuca Ridge, North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg168 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 1 core; 6.3 m cored; 0 m drilled; 100.6 % recovery
168-1025B * Latitude: 47.883300 * Longitude: -128.650000 * Date/Time Start: 1996-06-26T19:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1996-06-27T13:45:00 * Elevation: -2313.6 m * Penetration: 99.5 m * Recovery: 90.98 m * Location: Juan de Fuca Ridge, North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg168 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 11 core; 99.5 m cored; 0 m drilled; 91.4 % recovery