Gillis, Kathryn M; Pedersen, Rolf B; Coogan, Laurence A (2005): Geochemistry of lavas and dikes from the upper oceanic crust of Hess Deep Rift, eastern Pacific Ocean. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.708054, Supplement to: Gillis, Kathryn M; Coogan, Laurence A; Pedersen, Rolf B (2005): Strontium isotope constraints on fluid flow in the upper oceanic crust at the East Pacific Rise. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 232(1-2), 83-94, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2005.01.008
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Strontium isotopes are useful tracers of fluid-rock interaction in marine hydrothermal systems and provide a potential way to quantify the amount of seawater that passes through these systems. We have determined the whole-rock Sr-isotopic compositions of a section of upper oceanic crust that formed at the fast-spreading East Pacific Rise, now exposed at Hess Deep. This dataset provides the first detailed comparison for the much-studied Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) drill core from Site 504B. Whole-rock and mineral Sr concentrations indicate that Sr-exchange between hydrothermal fluids and the oceanic crust is complex, being dependent on the mineralogical reactions occurring; in particular, epidote formation takes up Sr from the fluid increasing the 87Sr/86Sr of the bulk-rock. Calculating the fluid-flux required to shift the Sr-isotopic composition of the Hess Deep sheeted-dike complex, using the approach of Bickle and Teagle (1992, doi:10.1016/0012-821X(92)90221-G) gives a fluid-flux similar to that determined for ODP Hole 504B. This suggests that the level of isotopic exchange observed in these two regions is probably typical for modern oceanic crust. Unfortunately, uncertainties in the modeling approach do not allow us to determine a fluid-flux that is directly comparable to fluxes calculated by other methods.
Median Latitude: 2.358048 * Median Longitude: -101.264302 * South-bound Latitude: 2.356000 * West-bound Longitude: -101.286000 * North-bound Latitude: 2.371000 * East-bound Longitude: -101.214000