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DePaolo, Donald J; Maher, Katharine; Christensen, John N; McManus, Jerry F (2006): Isotope ratios of U, Nd, and Sr of ODP Hole 162-984A sediment samples (Table 1). PANGAEA,, Supplement to: DePaolo, DJ et al. (2006): Sediment transport time measured with U-series isotopes: Results from ODP North Atlantic drift site 984. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 248(1-2), 394-410,

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High precision uranium isotope measurements of marine clastic sediments are used to measure the transport and storage time of sediment from source to site of deposition. The approach is demonstrated on fine-grained, late Pleistocene deep-sea sediments from Ocean Drilling Program Site 984A on the Bjorn Drift in the North Atlantic. The sediments are siliciclastic with up to 30% carbonate, and dated by delta18O of benthic foraminifera. Nd and Sr isotopes indicate that provenance has oscillated between a proximal source during the last three interglacial periods - volcanic rocks from Iceland - and a distal continental source during glacial periods. An unexpected finding is that the 234U/238U ratios of the silicate portion of the sediment, isolated by leaching with hydrochloric acid, are significantly less than the secular equilibrium value and show large and systematic variations that are correlated with glacial cycles and sediment provenance. The 234U depletions are inferred to be due to alpha-recoil loss of 234Th, and are used to calculate "comminution ages" of the sediment - the time elapsed between the generation of the small (<=50 µm) sediment grains in the source areas by comminution of bedrock, and the time of deposition on the seafloor. Transport times, the difference between comminution ages and depositional ages, vary from less than 10 ky to about 300 to 400 ky for the Site 984A sediments. Long transport times may reflect prior storage in soils, on continental shelves, or elsewhere on the seafloor. Transport time may also be a measure of bottom current strength. During the most recent interglacial periods the detritus from distal continental sources is diluted with sediment from Iceland that is rapidly transported to the site of deposition. The comminution age approach could be used to date Quaternary non-marine sediments, soils, and atmospheric dust, and may be enhanced by concomitant measurement of 226Ra/230Th, 230Th/234U, and cosmogenic nuclides.
Latitude: 61.425100 * Longitude: -24.082200
Date/Time Start: 1995-07-24T10:20:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-07-25T02:46:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 2.240 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 51.990 m
162-984A * Latitude: 61.425100 * Longitude: -24.082200 * Date/Time Start: 1995-07-24T10:20:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-07-25T02:46:00 * Elevation: -1649.0 m * Penetration: 176.1 m * Recovery: 180.16 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg162 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 19 cores; 176.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 102.3 % recovery
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
2AGEAgeka BPGeocode
3Depth, compositeDepth compmcdDePaolo, Donald J
4Sample code/labelSample labelDePaolo, Donald JODP sample designation
5Uranium 234/Uranium 238 activity ratio(234U/238U)DePaolo, Donald J
6Uranium 234/Uranium 238 activity ratio(234U/238U)DePaolo, Donald J[234U/238U]0
7Uranium 234/Uranium 238 activity ratio, standard deviation(234U/238U) std dev±DePaolo, Donald J2 sigma
8Strontium 87/Strontium 86 ratio87Sr/86SrDePaolo, Donald JThermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry (TIMS)
9epsilon-Neodymiume-NdDePaolo, Donald JThermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry (TIMS)
10DurationDurationkaDePaolo, Donald JTransport time
231 data points

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