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Wang, YL; Liu, Yun-Gang; Schmitt, Roman A (1986): (Appendix 1) Element concentrations in sediment and basalt samples from DSDP Holes 75-530A and 75-530B. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.707253, Supplement to: Wang, YL et al. (1986): Rare earth element geochemistry of South Atlantic deep sea sediments: Ce anomaly change at ~54 My. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 50(7), 1337-1355, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(86)90310-8

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Abstract:
The geochemistry of the REE (rare earth elements) in oceanic sediments is discussed, based mainly on samples from DSDP Holes 530A and 530B, Leg 75, and Hole 525A, Leg 74. The proposed mechanisms for incorporation of the REE into the marine carbonate phases are adsorption, chiefly onto the carbonate minerals and on Sc, Hf, and Ta-rich Fe-Mn hydroxide flocs as carbonate coatings.
The Ce anomaly of marine carbonate was used as an indicator of paleo-ocean water redox conditions: the bottom water of the Angola Basin was in a reducing condition in the Cretaceous. At ca. 54 My, the South Atlantic water condition became oxidizing, similar to the present seawater redox condition. This change was related to the improvement of circulation due to the widening of South Atlantic and the subsidence of water circulation barriers such as the Walvis Ridge and perhaps the Romanche Fracture Zone.
The younger (Eocene-Recent) and older (Albian-Santonian) argillaceous sedimentary rocks from 530A (denoted as YSAB and OSAB respectively) show different degrees of Eu depletion with a transition period in between. The REE patterns of OSAB suggest a basaltic origin. The possible sources are Kaoko basalt in Southwest Africa or Namibia and the basaltic Walvis Ridge itself. The decrease in the area covered by Kaoko basalt due to erosion, the subsidence of the Walvis Ridge, and the improvement of water circulation led to changes in the Eu anomaly from Campanian to Paleocene, and resulted in the YSAB REE pattern. Changes in the Sm/Eu, La/Th, Th/Yb, Ti/Al2O3, FeO/Al2O3, and Hf/Al2O3 ratios suggest changes of average source rock composition from and esite to granodiorite.
The REE abundances and patterns of younger sediments in the Angola Basin (YSAB) are very similar to those observed in NASC, PAAS, and ES sediments. The YSAB REE abundances and patterns may represent the average REE distribution of the exposed African continental crust. The strong resemblance of REE distributions of YSAB, NASC, PAAS and ES suggests thorough REE mixing from different sources and the uniformity of the average crustal compositions of different continents: Africa, North America, Australia, and Europe.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -19.187700 * Median Longitude: 9.386000 * South-bound Latitude: -19.187700 * West-bound Longitude: 9.385800 * North-bound Latitude: -19.187700 * East-bound Longitude: 9.386200
Date/Time Start: 1980-07-29T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1980-07-29T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 1120 m
Event(s):
75-530A * Latitude: -19.187700 * Longitude: 9.385800 * Date/Time: 1980-07-29T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4629.0 m * Penetration: 1121 m * Recovery: 617.5 m * Location: South Atlantic/RIDGE * Campaign: Leg75 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 107 cores; 986.5 m cored; 9.5 m drilled; 62.6 % recovery
75-530B * Latitude: -19.187700 * Longitude: 9.386200 * Date/Time: 1980-07-29T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4629.0 m * Penetration: 180.6 m * Recovery: 153.6 m * Location: South Atlantic/RIDGE * Campaign: Leg75 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 45 cores; 172.2 m cored; 8.4 m drilled; 89.2 % recovery
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Event labelEvent
2DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
3Sample code/labelSample labelWang, YLODP sample designation
4Rock typeRockWang, YL
5EpochEpochWang, YL
6Silicon dioxideSiO2%Wang, YL
7Titanium dioxideTiO2%Wang, YL
8Aluminium oxideAl2O3%Wang, YL
9Iron oxide, FeOFeO%Wang, YL
10Manganese oxideMnO%Wang, YL
11Magnesium oxideMgO%Wang, YL
12Calcium oxideCaO%Wang, YL
13Sodium oxideNa2O%Wang, YL
14Potassium oxideK2O%Wang, YL
15ChlorineCl%Wang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
16BromineBrmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
17ScandiumScmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
18VanadiumVmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
19ChromiumCrmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
20CobaltComg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
21NickelNimg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
22ZincZnmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
23RubidiumRbmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
24StrontiumSrmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
25CaesiumCsmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
26BariumBamg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
27LanthanumLamg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
28CeriumCemg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
29NeodymiumNdmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
30SamariumSmmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
31EuropiumEumg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
32TerbiumTbmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
33DysprosiumDymg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
34YtterbiumYbmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
35LutetiumLumg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
36ZirconiumZrmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
37HafniumHfmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
38TantalumTamg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
39ThoriumThmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
40UraniumUmg/kgWang, YLInstrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)
41Calcium carbonateCaCO3%Wang, YL
Size:
3598 data points

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