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Lu, Zunli; Tomaru, Hitoshi; Fehn, Udo (2008): Iodine ages of pore water at Hydrate Ridge, Cascadian continental margin. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Lu, Z et al. (2008): Iodine ages of pore waters at Hydrate Ridge (ODP Leg 204), Cascadia Margin: Implications for sources of methane in gas hydrates. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 267(3-4), 654-665,

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Hydrate Ridge off the coast of Oregon, USA, is a prime example for gas hydrate occurrences in active margin settings. It is part of the Cascadia Margin and was the focus of Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 204, which successfully recovered fluids from nine sites from the southern part of the ridge. Iodide concentrations in pore fluids associated with gas hydrates are strongly enhanced, by factors up to 5000 compared to seawater, which allows the use of this biophilic element as tracer for organic source regions. We applied the cosmogenic isotope 129I (T1/2=15.7 Ma) system to determine the age of the organic source formation responsible for the iodide enrichment. In all sites at ODP Leg 204, 129I/I ratios were found to decrease with depth to values around 250x10**-15, corresponding to minimum ages of 40 Ma, but in several sites, maxima in the 129I/I ratios point to the local addition of young iodide. The results indicate that a large amount of iodide was derived from deep accreted sediments of Eocene age, and that additional source regions provide iodide of Late Miocene age. The presence of old iodide in the pore waters suggests that fluid pathways are open to allow transport over large distances into the gas hydrate fields. The strong correlation between iodide and methane in hydrate fields coupled with the similarity in transport parameters in aqueous solutions suggests that a large fraction of methane in gas hydrates also has old sources and is transported into the present locations from source regions of Eocene age.
Median Latitude: 44.576377 * Median Longitude: -125.128059 * South-bound Latitude: 44.568600 * West-bound Longitude: -125.150183 * North-bound Latitude: 44.586233 * East-bound Longitude: -125.073960
Date/Time Start: 2002-07-12T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-08-27T00:00:00
204-1244 * Latitude: 44.586233 * Longitude: -125.119750 * Date/Time Start: 2002-07-12T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-08-22T00:00:00 * Elevation: -895.4 m * Penetration: 1051.2 m * Recovery: 545 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg204 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 69 cores; 555.5 m cored; 495.7 m drilled; 98.1 % recovery
204-1245 * Latitude: 44.586133 * Longitude: -125.149050 * Date/Time Start: 2002-07-17T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-08-16T00:00:00 * Elevation: -870.7 m * Penetration: 1619.7 m * Recovery: 646.6 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg204 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 93 cores; 761 m cored; 858.7 m drilled; 85 % recovery
204-1249C * Latitude: 44.570610 * Longitude: -125.147350 * Date/Time Start: 2002-07-25T13:30:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-07-26T11:45:00 * Elevation: -778.4 m * Penetration: 90 m * Recovery: 58.97 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg204 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 14 cores; 88.5 m cored; 1.5 m drilled; 66.6 % recovery
Further relevant data sets: Fehn et al., 2006 (doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.706970)
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