Kolodny, Yehoshua; Epstein, Samuel (1976): Oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon isotopic compositions in deep sea cherts, porcellanites, and coexisting carbonates from DSDP Legs 2, 3, 6, 7, 11, 14, 16, 17, and 20. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.706917, Supplement to: Kolodny, Y; Epstein, S (1976): Stable isotope geochemistry of deep sea cherts. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 40(10), 1195-1209, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(76)90155-1
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Seventy four samples of DSDP recovered cherts of Jurassic to Miocene age from varying locations, and 27 samples of on-land exposed cherts were analyzed for the isotopic composition of their oxygen and hydrogen. These studies were accompanied by mineralogical analyses and some isotopic analyses of the coexisting carbonates. d18O of chert ranges between 27 and 39%. relative to SMOW, d18O of porcellanite - between 30 and 42%. The consistent enrichment of opal-CT in porcellanites in 18O with respect to coexisting microcrystalline quartz in chert is probably a reflection of a different temperature (depth) of diagenesis of the two phases.
d18O of deep sea cherts generally decrease with increasing age, indicating an overall cpoling of the ocean bottom during the last 150 m.y. A comparison of this trend with that recorded by benthonic foraminifera (Douglas and Savin, 1975; http://www.deepseadrilling.org/32/volume/dsdp32_15.pdf) indicates the possibility of d18O in deep sea cherts not being frozen in until several tens of millions of years after deposition. Cherts of any Age show a spread of d18O values, increasing diagenesis being reflected in a lowering of d18O. Drusy quartz has the lowest d18O values.
On-land exposed cherts are consistently depleted in 18O in comparison to their deep sea time equivalent cherts.
Water extracted from deep sea cherts ranges between 0.5 and 1.4 wt %. dD of this water ranges between -78 and -95%. and is not a function of d18O of the cherts (or the temperature of their formation).
Median Latitude: 17.395879 * Median Longitude: -154.675201 * South-bound Latitude: -1.761700 * West-bound Longitude: 141.938300 * North-bound Latitude: 32.773300 * East-bound Longitude: -18.228500
Date/Time Start: 1968-11-16T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1971-09-29T00:00:00
11-100 * Latitude: 24.687800 * Longitude: -73.799700 * Date/Time: 1970-04-20T00:00:00 * Elevation: -5325.0 m * Penetration: 331 m * Recovery: 29.4 m * Location: North Atlantic/BASIN * Campaign: Leg11 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 13 cores; 93 m cored; 0 m drilled; 31.6 % recovery
11-99A * Latitude: 23.685700 * Longitude: -73.849800 * Date/Time: 1970-04-13T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4914.0 m * Penetration: 248 m * Recovery: 28.5 m * Location: North Atlantic/CHANNEL * Campaign: Leg11 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 10 cores; 53 m cored; 26 m drilled; 53.8 % recovery
14-138 * Latitude: 25.922800 * Longitude: -25.563200 * Date/Time: 1970-10-24T00:00:00 * Elevation: -5288.0 m * Penetration: 442 m * Recovery: 26.9 m * Location: North Atlantic/CONT RISE * Campaign: Leg14 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 7 cores; 54 m cored; 0 m drilled; 49.8 % recovery