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Thomas, Ellen (1987): Late Oligocene to Recent benthic foraminifers from the northeastern North Atlantic. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Thomas, E (1987): Late Oligocene to Recent benthic foraminifers from Deep Sea Drilling Project sites 608 and 610, northeastern North Atlantic. In: Ruddiman, WF; Kidd, RB; Thomas, E; et al. (eds.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Washington (U.S. Govt. Printing Office), 94, 997-1031,

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Deep-sea benthic foraminiferal faunas were studied from Sites 608 (depth 3534 m, 42°50'N, 23°05'W) and 610 (depth 2427 m, 53°13'N, 18°53'W). The sampling interval corresponded to 0.1 to 0.5 m.y. at Site 608 and in the sections of Site 610 from which core recovery was continuous.
First and last appearances of benthic foraminiferal taxa are generally not coeval at the two sites, although the faunal patterns are similar and many species occur at both sites. Major periods of changes in the benthic faunas, as indicated by the numbers of first and last appearances and changes in relative abundances, occurred in the early Miocene (19.2-17 Ma), the middle Miocene (15.5-13.5 Ma), the late Miocene (7-5.5 Ma), and the Pliocene-Pleistocene (3.5-0.7 Ma). A period of minor changes in the middle to late Miocene (10-9 Ma) was recognized at Site 608 only.
These periods of faunal changes can be correlated with periods of paleoceanographic changes: there was a period of sluggish circulation in the northeastern North Atlantic from 19.2 to 17 Ma, and the deep waters of the oceans probably cooled between 15.5 and 13.5 Ma, as indicated by an increase in delta18O values in benthic foraminiferal tests. The period between 10 and 9 Ma was probably characterized by relatively vigorous bottom-water circulation in the northeastern Atlantic, as indicated by the presence of a widespread reflector. The faunal change at 7 to 5.5 Ma corresponds in time with a worldwide change in delta13C values, and with the Messinian closing of the Mediterranean. The last and largest faunal changes correspond in time with the onset and intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciation.
Median Latitude: 48.029600 * Median Longitude: -20.988483 * South-bound Latitude: 42.836700 * West-bound Longitude: -23.087500 * North-bound Latitude: 53.222500 * East-bound Longitude: -18.889467
Date/Time Start: 1983-07-13T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1983-07-28T00:00:00
94-608 * Latitude: 42.836700 * Longitude: -23.087500 * Date/Time: 1983-07-13T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3526.0 m * Penetration: 530.3 m * Recovery: 428.3 m * Location: North Atlantic/FLANK * Campaign: Leg94 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 59 cores; 529.3 m cored; 0 m drilled; 80.9 % recovery
94-610_Site * Latitude: 53.222500 * Longitude: -18.889467 * Date/Time: 1983-07-28T00:00:00 * Penetration: 18.53 m * Recovery: 6.578 m * Location: North Atlantic/RIDGE * Campaign: Leg94 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 84 cores; 788.6 m cored; 0 m drilled; 83.4% recovery
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