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Curry, William B; Miller, Kenneth G (1989): Stable oxygen and carbon isotope ratios of Pliocene benthic foraminifera in the Atlantic Ocean. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Curry, WB; Miller, KG (1989): Oxygen and carbon istotopic variation in Pliocene benthic foraminifers of the equatorial Atlantic. in: Rudimann, W; Sarnthein, M; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 108, 157-166,

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Large changes in benthic foraminiferal delta180 and delta13C occurred during the Pliocene (between 3.0 and 2.0 Ma) at Hole 665A. Oxygen isotopic compositions increased to maximum values at 2.4 Ma, correlating with an 18O enrichment observed at Hole 552A and other locations (Shackleton et al., 1984). As at Hole 606 (Keigwin, 1986), however, maximum delta180 values at 2.4 Ma were not as great as at Hole 552A, and enrichments in delta180 also occurred before 2.4 Ma. We believe that the section representing sediments from 2.5 to 2.7 or 2.8 Ma is missing at Hole 552A because of incomplete core recovery. Consequently, the older delta180 increases are not found at Hole 552A. Benthic foraminiferal delta13C values are much lower at Hole 665A than at Hole 552A, approaching the low values observed in the Pliocene Pacific Ocean. This geographic distribution of delta13C suggests that, like late Quaternary glaciations, the equatorial Atlantic Ocean was dominated during the Pliocene by deep water that originated in the Southern Ocean and had chemical characteristics very similar to the Pacific Ocean. Reduced O2 values were probably associated with low delta13C values and contributed to increased preservation of organic carbon during enriched 180 intervals of the Pliocene equatorial Atlantic.
Median Latitude: 29.496950 * Median Longitude: -21.449550 * South-bound Latitude: 2.951200 * West-bound Longitude: -23.231300 * North-bound Latitude: 56.042700 * East-bound Longitude: -19.667800
Date/Time Start: 1981-07-31T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-04-04T19:00:00
108-665A * Latitude: 2.951200 * Longitude: -19.667800 * Date/Time Start: 1986-04-03T21:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-04-04T19:00:00 * Elevation: -4746.0 m * Penetration: 97.9 m * Recovery: 99.97 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg108 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 11 core; 97.9 m cored; 0 m drilled; 102.1 % recovery
81-552A * Latitude: 56.042700 * Longitude: -23.231300 * Date/Time: 1981-07-31T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2301.0 m * Penetration: 183.5 m * Recovery: 182.3 m * Location: North Atlantic/PLATEAU * Campaign: Leg81 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 38 cores; 183.5 m cored; 0 m drilled; 99.4 % recovery
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