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Niitsuma, Nobuaki; Oba, Tadamichi; Okada, Makoto (1991): Stable oxygen and carbon isotope ratios of the planktonic foraminifera Pulleniatina obliquiloculata and the benthic foraminifera Uvigerina excellens of ODP Site 117-723 in the Arabian Sea (Table 1). PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Niitsuma, N et al. (1991): Oxygen and carbon isotope stratigraphy at Site 723, Oman Margin. In: Prell, W.L., Niitsuma, N., et al. (1991), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Result, Colege Station, TX, 117, 321-341,

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Site 723 is located in a water depth of 808 m at the center of the oxygen minimum zone and the middle part of the main thermocline on the Oman Margin.
Oxygen isotope curves of planktonic delta18OP and benthic delta18OB can be traced back continuously to Stage 23 with high resolution measurements. A tentative correlation to Stage 53 has been tried using oxygen isotope stratigraphy. The amplitudes of the fluctuations of the benthic delta18OB curve are small, compared with the planktonic delta18OP curve. The delays of benthic oxygen isotopes delta18OB related to the planktonic delta18OP appear in the transgressive stages.
Carbon isotopes of benthic delta13CB and planktonic delta13CP generally show an inverse correlation with oxygen isotope values delta18OB and delta18OB and delta18OP, however, the changes of delta13C are more gradual than those of delta18O during transgressive stages in spite of the synchronized changes of delta13C with those of delta18O during regressive stages.
The difference of oxygen isotope between benthic and planktonic foraminifers represents the degree of pushing up the thermocline by upwelling, and the difference of carbon isotope represents the relative amount of upwelling Sigma[CO2] to the biological uptake in the surface water. These isotopic differences can be used as indicators of upwelling and show strong upwelling in the interglacial and weak upwelling in the glacial stages. The organic carbon content is correlated with the isotopic upwelling indicators, and higher content is correlated with the isotopic upwelling indicators and higher content appears in the interglacial stages.
The calculated rate of sedimentation based on oxygen isotope stratigraphy in glacial stages is significantly high, two to four times that of interglacial stages, and the absolute flux of fluvial sediments with variability of lithofacies increased in the glacial stage.
The present glacial-interglacial cycle with the fluctuation of upwelling relating to the southwest monsoon can be traced back to Stage 8, 250 ka. From Stage 8 to 12, 250-450 ka, the upwelling indicator of oxygen isotope difference did not show such distinct cyclicity. For Stages 12-15, 450-600 ka, the upwelling can be estimated as strong as in interglacial stage of the present cycles, with slightly weak upwelling in the glacial stage. This upwelling and climate can be traced back to the late Pliocene. The strongest upwelling can be estimated in the Pliocene-Pleistocene time by the isotopic indicators and the high organic carbon content.
Latitude: 18.051800 * Longitude: 57.608700
Date/Time Start: 1987-09-15T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-09-20T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.07 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 381.41 m
117-723 * Latitude: 18.051800 * Longitude: 57.608700 * Date/Time Start: 1987-09-15T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-09-20T00:00:00 * Elevation: -816.3 m * Penetration: 938.1 m * Recovery: 676.3 m * Location: Arabian Sea * Campaign: Leg117 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 98 cores; 909.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 74.4% recovery
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
2Sample code/labelSample labelNiitsuma, NobuakiODP sample designation
3Pulleniatina obliquiloculata, δ13CP. obliquiloculata δ13C‰ PDBNiitsuma, NobuakiIsotope ratio mass spectrometry
4Pulleniatina obliquiloculata, δ18OP. obliqu. δ18O‰ PDBNiitsuma, NobuakiIsotope ratio mass spectrometry
5Uvigerina excellens, δ13CU. excellens δ13C‰ PDBNiitsuma, NobuakiIsotope ratio mass spectrometry
6Uvigerina excellens, δ18OU. excell. δ18O‰ PDBNiitsuma, NobuakiIsotope ratio mass spectrometry
7Marine isotopic stageMISNiitsuma, Nobuaki
8CommentCommentNiitsuma, NobuakiIsotopic stage
9Ageprofile Datum DescriptionAgeprof dat desNiitsuma, NobuakiNannofossil datum, after Spaulding (1991, doi:10.2973/
3941 data points

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