Shackleton, Nicholas J (1977): Stable carbon and oxygen isotope ratios of benthic and planktic foraminifera from the Atlantic Ocean. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.692091, Supplement to: Shackleton, NJ (1977): Carbon-13 in Uvigerina: Tropical rain forest history and the equatorial Pacific carbonate dissolution cycle. In: Andersen, N R & Malahoff, A (eds.), The Fate of Fossil Fuel in the Oceans. New York (Plenum), 401-427
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Benthonic foraminifera in late Pleistocene deep-sea cores show significant variation in delta 13C with depth in sediment. This, and the report by Sommer et al., (in prep) of delta 13C variations in planktonic foraminifera, indicate that the delta13C in dissolved oceanic CO2 undergoes a significant change in a few thousand years. This is in apparent contradiction to the estimated 300 ka residence time for carbon in the ocean. It is suggested that this is a consequence of changes in the terrestrial plant biomass, which has a delta13C of about -25‰. Postulated changes in world vegetation, particularly in tropical rainforests during the Late Pleistocene, were sufficient to produce change of the magnitude observed. Rapid expansions of forests between 13 ka and 8 ka ago may have resulted in the striking accumulation of aragonite pteropods in Atlantic Ocean sediments of the age. Rapid deforestation during an interglacial-glacial transition probably caused the intense carbonate dissolution which is observed in Equatorial Pacific Ocean sediments deposited over this interbal. The current rate of injection of fossil fuel CO2 into the atmosphere is substantially greater than the rate at which it was added during post-interglacial aridification in the tropics.
Median Latitude: -0.447111 * Median Longitude: -35.742667 * South-bound Latitude: -16.443000 * West-bound Longitude: -77.563000 * North-bound Latitude: 25.171667 * East-bound Longitude: -12.820000
Date/Time Start: 1966-05-13T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1972-01-10T00:00:00
GIK12392-1 (M12392-1) * Latitude: 25.171667 * Longitude: -16.845000 * Date/Time: 1971-12-03T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2575.0 m * Recovery: 9.5 m * Location: East Atlantic * Campaign: M25 * Basis: Meteor (1964) * Method/Device: Kasten corer (KAL)
V22-174 * Latitude: -10.070000 * Longitude: -12.820000 * Date/Time: 1966-05-13T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2630.0 m * Recovery: 15.66 m * Campaign: V22 * Basis: Vema * Method/Device: Piston corer (PC)
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Shackleton, NJ (1977): (Table 4) Stable carbon and oxygen isotope ratios of planktic and benthic foraminifera from sediment core V22-174 in the Atlantic Ocean. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.106778
- Shackleton, NJ (1977): (Table 5) Stable carbon and oxygen isotope ratios of benthic foraminifera from sediment core GIK12392-1 in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.692062
- Shackleton, NJ (1977): (Table 6) Stable carbon and oxygen isotope ratios of Uvigerina peregrina from sediment core Y71-06-12 in the Atlantic Ocean. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.692090