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Brummer, Geert-Jan A; van Eijden, AJM (1992): Carbonate accumulation rates of the Ninetyeast Ridge, Indian Ocean. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Brummer, G-JA; van Eijden, AJM (1992): "Blue-ocean" paleoproductivity estimates from pelagic carbonate mass accumulation rates. Marine Micropaleontology, 19(1-2), 99-117,

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More than 95% of the carbon lost from the "blue-ocean" reservoir to the sedimentary sink appears to be transferred as skeletal CaCO3, produced in the surface waters. This skeletal CaCO3 carries a productivity signal which is much better preserved in the underlying pelagic carbonate sediments than that of the refractory organic carbon accompanying it. Here, we develop a new method to quantify this signal in terms of organic carbon paleoproductivity, using the sedimentary mass accumulation rates of pelagic carbonate. These are converted into carbonate transit-paleofluxes, which are then translated into the corresponding transit-fluxes of organic carbon, via the carbonate to organic carbon ratios reported from deep-moored sediment trap experiments in modern blue-ocean environments. Paleoproductivity can then be estimated quantitatively by using published algorithms describing the relationship between the export production of particulate organic carbon at depth and primary productivity in the euphotic zone.
Although our approach seems rather straightforward, it contains several pitfalls, the effects of which are highlighted by an example comprising three Paleocene/Oligocene to Recent pelagic carbonate sequences drilled during ODP Leg 121 in the eastern Indian Ocean. Although some extreme values are likely due to errors, such as poorly constrained datum levels and dissolution peaks, the results for the Quaternary and Neogene correlate well from site to site and are within the productivity range of present-day low to medium latitude open oceans. Our method may provide an opportunity to actually quantify blue-ocean primary productivity in sedimentary carbonate environments, but requires validation by other, more established ones.
Median Latitude: -12.998283 * Median Longitude: 88.713200 * South-bound Latitude: -27.355250 * West-bound Longitude: 87.597300 * North-bound Latitude: 5.384067 * East-bound Longitude: 90.361167
Date/Time Start: 1988-05-25T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-06-15T00:00:00
121-756 * Latitude: -27.355250 * Longitude: 87.597300 * Date/Time Start: 1988-05-25T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-05-29T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1527.2 m * Penetration: 494 m * Recovery: 223.3 m * Location: South Indian Ridge, South Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg121 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 34 cores; 291.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 76.5% recovery
121-757 * Latitude: -17.023667 * Longitude: 88.181133 * Date/Time Start: 1988-06-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-06-05T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1659.7 m * Penetration: 804.9 m * Recovery: 349.1 m * Location: South Indian Ridge, South Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg121 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 55 cores; 490.3 m cored; 0 m drilled; 71.2% recovery
121-758 * Latitude: 5.384067 * Longitude: 90.361167 * Date/Time Start: 1988-06-15T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-06-15T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2935.0 m * Penetration: 782.2 m * Recovery: 561.9 m * Location: Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg121 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 84 cores; 782.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 71.8% recovery
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