Hollis, Christopher J (1993): Latest Cretaceous to Late Paleocene radiolarian biostratigraphy from the New Zealand region. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.683866, Supplement to: Hollis, CJ (1993): Latest Cretaceous to Late Paleocene radiolarian biostratigraphy: A new zonation from the New Zealand region. Marine Micropaleontology, 21(4), 295-327, https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8398(93)90024-R
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The scarcity of records of Early Paleocene radiolarians has meant that while radiolarian biostratigraphy is firmly established as an important tool for correlation, there has been a long-standing gap between established zonations for the Cretaceous and from latest Paleocene to Recent. It has also led to considerable speculation over the level of faunal change across the Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) boundary. Consequently, the discovery of rich and diverse radiolarian assemblages in well-delineated K/T boundary sections within siliceous limestones of the Amuri Limestone Group in eastern Marlborough, New Zealand, is of great significance for biostratigraphy and K/T boundary research.
This initial report is restricted to introducing a new latest Cretaceous to mid Late Paleocene zonation based on the radiolarian succession at four of these sections and a re-examination of faunas from coeval sediments at DSDP Site 208 (Lord Howe Rise). Three new Paleocene species are described: Amphisphaera aotea, Amphisphaera kina and Stichomitra wero. Six new interval zones are defined by the first appearances of the nominate species. In ascending order these are: Lithomelissa? hoplites Foreman (Zone RK9, Cretaceous), Amphisphaera aotea n. sp. (Zone RP1, Paleocene), Amphisphaera kina n. sp. (RP2), Stichomitra granulata Petrushevskaya (RP3), Buryellaforemanae petrushevskaya (RP4) and Buryella tetradica (RP5). Good age control from foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils permits close correlation with established microfossil zonations. Where age control is less reliable, radiolarian events are used to substantially improve correlation between the sections.
No evidence is found for mass extinction of radiolarians at the end of the Cretaceous. However, the K/T boundary does mark a change from nassellarian to spumellarian dominance, due to a sudden influx of actinommids, which effectively reduces the relative abundance of many Cretaceous survivors. An accompanying influx of diatoms in the basal Paleocene of Marlborough, together with evidence for an increase of total radiolarian abundance, suggests siliceous plankton productivity increased across the K/T boundary. Possible causes for this apparently localised phenomenon are briefly discussed.
Median Latitude: -38.538040 * Median Longitude: 165.666240 * South-bound Latitude: -41.920000 * West-bound Longitude: 144.630000 * North-bound Latitude: -26.110200 * East-bound Longitude: 174.200000
Date/Time Start: 1971-12-23T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1971-12-23T00:00:00
21-208 * Latitude: -26.110200 * Longitude: 161.221200 * Date/Time: 1971-12-23T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1545.0 m * Penetration: 594 m * Recovery: 255 m * Location: South Pacific/Tasman Sea/CONT RISE * Campaign: Leg21 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 33 cores; 297 m cored; 9 m drilled; 85.9 % recovery
Chancet_Rocks * Latitude: -41.830000 * Longitude: 174.200000 * Location: New Zealand * Device: Sampling by hand (HAND)
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Hollis, CJ (1993): (Table 1A) Distribution of Paleocene index and selected Cretaceous-Tertiary radiolarians at Woodside Creek, Australia. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.683861
- Hollis, CJ (1993): (Table 1B) Distribution of Paleocene index and selected Cretaceous-Tertiary radiolarians at Wharanui Point, New Zealand. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.683864
- Hollis, CJ (1993): (Table 1C) Distribution of Paleocene index and selected Cretaceous-Tertiary radiolarians at Flaxbourne River, New Zealand. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.683863
- Hollis, CJ (1993): (Table 1D) Distribution of Paleocene index and selected Cretaceous-Tertiary radiolarians at Chancet Rocks, New Zealand. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.683862
- Hollis, CJ (1993): (Table 1E) Distribution of Paleocene index and selected Cretaceous-Tertiary radiolarians in DSDP Hole 21-208 on the Lord Howe Rise off northwest New Zealand. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.683865