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Ciesielski, Paul F; Bjorklund, Kjell R (1995): Distribution of Cycladophora davisiana davisiana in upper Pliocene and Pleistocene sediments of the North Atlantic and Labrador Sea. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Ciesielski, PF; Bjorklund, KR (1995): Ecology, morphology, stratigraphy, and the paleoceanographic significance of Cycladophora davisiana davisiana. Part II: Stratigraphy in the North Atlantic (DSDP Site 609) and Labrador Sea (ODP Site 646B). Marine Micropaleontology, 25(1), 67-86,

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Upper Pliocene and Pleistocene abundance fluctuations of the radiolarian Cycladophora davisiana (Ehrenberg) davisiana (Petrushevskaya) are documented from North Atlantic (Site 609) and Labrador Sea (Site 646B) to provide the first long-term correlation of its abundance fluctuations to oxygen isotope stages 1-114. Also examined are temporal and regional fluctuations in abundances C. d. davisiana and the global dispersal routes of the species.
The first occurrence of C. d. davisiana in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean (Site 609) occurred between 2.586 and 2.435 Ma (oxygen isotope stages 109.66-102.19). During the early Matuyama Chron, prior to oxygen isotope stage 63, C. d. davisiana abundances were less than 1% and never greater than 12%, while abundances of greater than 5% are found in stages 65.71-73, 74, and 83-84. The initial major abundance peak (35.7%) of C. d. davisiana was noted near the stage 63/62 boundary.
Abundance peaks of greater than 15%, between oxygen isotope stages 35 and 63, are limited to stages 63.02, 58.07, 55.07-54.26, and 50.76-50.22. These represent the only such abundance peaks detected during the first c. 1.5 million years of the species within the North Atlantic.
The character of C. d. davisiana abundance fluctuations in Site 609 changes after oxygen isotope stage 35; average abundances are greater (7.7% vs. 4.3%) and abundance maxima of more than 15% are more frequent.
Many, but not all, peak abundances of C. d. davisiana occur in glacial stages (e.g., 8, 14, 18, 20, 26, 30, 34, 50, 54, and 58). Increased abundances of the species are also noted in weak interglacial stages (e.g., stages 3, 23, 39, and 41), and significant cool periods of robust interglacial periods (e.g., late stage 11). Sample spacing is adequate in some stages to note some rapid changes in abundance near stage transitions (e.g., stages 4/5, 25/26, 62/63).
The sample density in Holes 609 and 611 and the upper portion of 646B is sufficient to detect a synchroneity of many abundance maxima and minima among sites. Some abundance peaks are undetected in one or more of the two holes, warranting further sampling to obtain a more accurate record of regional abundance fluctuations. Prior to stage 36, few ages of Hole 611 peaks are the same as those in the more precisely dated Hole 609.
The highest abundances of C. d. davisiana were noted in Labrador Sea Hole 646B where the earliest known occurrence of the species is documented (3.08-2.99 Ma). C. d. davisiana is inferred to have evolved in the Labrador Sea (or Arctic), and migrated next through the Arctic into the North Pacific (2.62-2.64 Ma, stage 114) before migrating into the Norwegian Sea (2.63-2.53 Ma) and North Atlantic (2.59-2.44 Ma, stages 109-102). Additional migration of C. d. dauisiana into the southern South Atlantic (Site 704) occurred much later (2.06 Ma, stage 83).
Median Latitude: 53.642767 * Median Longitude: -34.305667 * South-bound Latitude: 49.877800 * West-bound Longitude: -48.369100 * North-bound Latitude: 58.209300 * East-bound Longitude: -24.238200
Date/Time Start: 1983-07-22T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1985-10-13T21:01:00
105-646B * Latitude: 58.209300 * Longitude: -48.369100 * Date/Time Start: 1985-10-04T08:45:00 * Date/Time End: 1985-10-13T21:01:00 * Elevation: -3459.0 m * Penetration: 766.7 m * Recovery: 404.25 m * Location: Labrador Sea * Campaign: Leg105 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 80 cores; 766.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 52.8 % recovery
94-609 * Latitude: 49.877800 * Longitude: -24.238200 * Date/Time: 1983-07-22T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3884.0 m * Penetration: 399.4 m * Recovery: 301.4 m * Location: North Atlantic/FLANK * Campaign: Leg94 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 40 cores; 380.2 m cored; 19.2 m drilled; 79.3 % recovery
94-611 * Latitude: 52.841200 * Longitude: -30.309700 * Date/Time: 1983-08-06T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3203.0 m * Penetration: 125.8 m * Recovery: 112.2 m * Location: North Atlantic/RIDGE * Campaign: Leg94 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 14 cores; 125.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 89.2 % recovery
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