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Lazarus, David B; Bittniok, Beatrice; Diester-Haass, Lieselotte; Meyers, Philip A; Billups, Katharina (2006): Sedimentology and radiolarian distribution of latest Miocene to Recent sediments from the Benguela Upwelling System, South Atlantic. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Lazarus, DB et al. (2006): Comparison of radiolarian and sedimentologic paleoproductivity proxies in the latest Miocene-Recent Benguela Upwelling System. Marine Micropaleontology, 60(4), 269-294,

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Estimating past ocean productivity from ocean sediments often gives different results depending on the measurement used. We have examined a suite of paleoproductivity proxies in latest Miocene-Recent sediments from DSDP Site 532 and ODP Site 1084, two deep-sea sections underlying the Benguela Upwelling System off the Atlantic coast of southern Africa. The productivity history of this system has been previously established via organic carbon concentration, diatom floras and alkenone based estimates of surface water temperature, and shows a change from low productivity in the early Pliocene to sustain high productivity in the late Pliocene-Recent. Each of our samples was split and simultaneously analysed for several proxies of ocean productivity, including organic carbon (TOC%), carbonate, abundance of opaline radiolarians, accumulation rate of benthic foraminifera (BFAR); the radiolarian faunal composition indices Upwelling Radiolarian Index (URI) and the Water Depth Ecology index (WADE); other proxies for opal and carbonate dissolution, plus stable isotopes of benthic foraminifera. Comparisons between proxies in the same measured samples, between sites in downcore plots and to the published productivity record for this region suggest that TOC and radiolarian faunal composition, particularly the WADE index, are good indicators of past productivity, albeit with different sensitivities (log-linear correlation WADE-TOC% r=0.78, n=65, p<0.01). In contrast, carbonate, and carbonatebased proxies such as BFAR primarily reflect changes in dissolution. Radiolarian faunal composition indices do not appear to be affected by bulk opal accumulation or changes in opal preservation. WADE analysis of radiolarian faunas and TOC% measurements appear to be useful proxies for productivity in late Neogene sediments, particularly for sections where opal or carbonate dissolution is significant.
Median Latitude: -21.667104 * Median Longitude: 11.355123 * South-bound Latitude: -25.513880 * West-bound Longitude: 10.518800 * North-bound Latitude: -19.743500 * East-bound Longitude: 13.027770
Date/Time Start: 1980-08-20T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-09-24T03:15:00
175-1084A * Latitude: -25.513880 * Longitude: 13.027770 * Date/Time Start: 1997-09-21T03:10:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-09-24T03:15:00 * Elevation: -1991.9 m * Penetration: 605 m * Recovery: 511.56 m * Location: Benguela Current, South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg175 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 65 cores; 605 m cored; 0 m drilled; 84.6 % recovery
75-532 * Latitude: -19.743500 * Longitude: 10.518800 * Date/Time: 1980-08-20T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1331.0 m * Penetration: 250.8 m * Recovery: 232 m * Location: South Atlantic * Campaign: Leg75 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 59 cores; 242.8 m cored; 8 m drilled; 95.6 % recovery
75-532_Site * Latitude: -19.743933 * Longitude: 10.518800 * Date/Time: 1980-08-20T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1331.0 m * Penetration: 7.417 m * Recovery: 6.579 m * Location: South Atlantic * Campaign: Leg75 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 173 cores; 709.7 m cored; 32 m drilled; 92.7% recovery
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