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Weldeab, Syee; Emeis, Kay-Christian; Hemleben, Christoph; Siebel, Wolfgang (2002): Sr- and Nd-isotopic composition of bulk lithogenic sediments from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (Table 1). PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.66937, Supplement to: Weldeab, S et al. (2002): Provenance of lithogenic surface sediments and pathways of riverine suspended matter in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea: evidence from 143Nd/144Nd and 87Sr/86Sr ratios. Chemical Geology, 186(1-2), 139-149, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2541(01)00415-6

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Abstract:
In order to characterize the provenance of lithogenic surface sediments from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (EMS), residual (leached) fraction of 34 surface samples have been analysed for their 143Nd/144Nd and 87Sr/86Sr isotope ratios. The sample locations bracket all important entrances of riverine suspended matter into the EMS as well as all sub-basins of the EMS. The combined analyses of these two isotope ratios provide a precise characterization of the lithogenic fraction of surface sediments and record their dilution towards the central sub-basins. We reconstruct provenance and possible pathways of riverine dispersal and current redistribution, assuming more or less homogenous isotopic signatures and flux rates of the eolian fraction over the EMS.
Lithogenic sediments entering the Ionian Sea from the Calabrian Arc and the Adriatic Sea are characterized by high 87Sr/86Sr isotope ratios and low epsilon-Nd(0) values (average 87Sr/86Sr=0.718005 and epsilon-Nd(0)=-11.06, n=5). Aegean Sea terrigenous sediments show an average ratio of 87Sr/86Sr=0.713089 (n=5) and values of epsilon-Nd(0)=-7.89 (n=5). The Aegean isotopic signature is traceable up to the southwest, south, and southeast of Crete. The sediment loads entering the EMS via the Aegean Sea are low and spread out mainly through the Strait of Casos (east of Crete). Surface sediments from the eastern Levantine Basin are marked by the highest epsilon-Nd(0) values (-3.3, n=6) and lowest 87Sr/86Sr isotope ratios (average 0.709541, n=6), reflecting the predominant input of the Nile sediment. The influence of the Nile sediment is traceable up to the NE-trending, eastern flank of the Mediterranean Ridge.
The characterization of the modern riverine dispersal and eolian flux, based on isotope data, may serve as a tool to reconstruct climate-coupled variations of lithogenic sediment input into the EMS.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 34.902216 * Median Longitude: 25.593476 * South-bound Latitude: 32.009000 * West-bound Longitude: 13.188833 * North-bound Latitude: 40.138167 * East-bound Longitude: 34.843667
Date/Time Start: 1993-05-17T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-04-18T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: m
Event(s):
160-964A * Latitude: 36.260300 * Longitude: 17.749700 * Date/Time Start: 1995-03-17T20:14:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-03-18T21:30:00 * Elevation: -3658.0 m * Penetration: 101.8 m * Recovery: 106.12 m * Location: Eastern Basin * Campaign: Leg160 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 11 core; 101.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 104.2 % recovery
160-966A * Latitude: 33.796700 * Longitude: 32.701600 * Date/Time Start: 1995-03-27T05:58:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-03-27T21:46:00 * Elevation: -927.0 m * Penetration: 106.8 m * Recovery: 73.21 m * Location: Eastern Basin * Campaign: Leg160 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 13 cores; 106.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 68.5 % recovery
160-968A * Latitude: 34.331700 * Longitude: 32.751100 * Date/Time Start: 1995-04-09T12:13:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-04-12T16:30:00 * Elevation: -1961.0 m * Penetration: 302.7 m * Recovery: 241.53 m * Location: Eastern Basin * Campaign: Leg160 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 34 cores; 302.7 m cored; 0 m drilled; 79.8 % recovery
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Latitude of eventLatitude
2Longitude of eventLongitude
3Elevation of eventElevationm
4Event labelEvent
5DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
6Strontium 87/Strontium 8687Sr/86SrWeldeab, SyeeMass spectrometer Finnigan MAT 262
7Strontium 87/Strontium 86, error87Sr/86Sr e±Weldeab, SyeeCalculated2 x standard deviation
8Neodymium 143/Neodymium 144143Nd/144NdWeldeab, SyeeMass spectrometer Finnigan MAT 262
9Neodymium 143/Neodymium 144, error143Nd/144Nd e±Weldeab, SyeeCalculated2 x standard deviation
10ε-Neodymiumε-NdWeldeab, SyeeCalculated
Size:
170 data points

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