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Riegraf, Wolfgang; Luterbacher, Hanspeter (1989): Benthic foraminifera in Lower Cretaceous sediments from various DSDP samples. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Riegraf, W; Luterbacher, H (1989): Benthonische Foraminiferen aus der Unterkreide des "Deep Sea Drilling Project" (Leg 1-79). Geologische Rundschau, 78(3), 1063-1120,

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From the DSDP Legs 1, 11, 13, 17, 25, 27, 32, 36, 41, 43, 44, 50, and 62 the Lower Cretaceous foraminifers have been investigated for biostratigraphical, taxonomical, and palaeoecological purposes. An overview of the cored Lower Cretaceous sections of Leg 1-80 is given. In the Northern Atlantic Ocean characteristic foraminiferal faunas are missing from the Upper Tithonian to the Valanginian due to a marked regression which caused hiatuses. In areas without black shale conditions Valanginian to Barremian medium rich to poor microfaunas with Praedorothia ouachensis (Sigal) of the Praedorothia ouachensis Zone (Valanginian-Hauterivian). The Hauterivian-Aptian interval is characterized by zones of Gavelinella barrerniana, Gaudryina dividens, and Conorotalites aptiensis. During the Albian a world-wide fauna consisting of agglutinated and calcareous foraminifers of the Pseudoclavulina gaultina Zone is established in areas lacking the wide-spread black-shale conditions. The Upper Albian and the Cenomanian are represented by the Gavelinella eenomanica Zone. Some ornamented species of the nodosariids (Citharina, Lenticulina), Gavelinella, Conorotatites, Pleurostomella, Vatvulineria, and Osangularia are of some importance for the biostratigraphy of the Berriasian-Albian interval. The Berriasian to Albian zones introduced for the Tethys and the DSDP by Moullade (1984) could only be of some local importance due to the long stratigraphical range of the foraminiferal species used. In the Indian Ocean an exact stratigraphical age cannot be assigned to the few Neocomian foraminiferal faunas of a cooler sea water (Site 261). These faunas mainly contain primitive agglutinated foraminifers, because in most cases the calcareous tests are dissolved or redeposited. In the Pacific Ocean most of the Berriasian to Aptian microfaunas are of minor biostratigraphical and palaeoecological importance for reasons of poor core recoveries, contaminations or original foraminiferal poverty (black shales). Since the Albian there are somewhat higher-diverse faunas of calcareous and agglutinated foraminifers with index species of the Pseudoclavulina gaultina Zone. As a rule, the boundary Albian/Cenomanian is set by means of planktonic foraminifers because no other foraminifer has its first appearance datum during this interval, except Gavelinella cenornanica. During the Albian very uniform, world-wide foraminiferal faunas without a marked provincialism are obvious.
Median Latitude: 27.087707 * Median Longitude: -136.281479 * South-bound Latitude: -12.947200 * West-bound Longitude: 117.892700 * North-bound Latitude: 40.808300 * East-bound Longitude: -10.776000
Date/Time Start: 1968-08-29T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1978-08-02T00:00:00
1-4 * Latitude: 24.478000 * Longitude: -73.792000 * Date/Time: 1968-08-29T00:00:00 * Elevation: -5319.0 m * Penetration: 258.8 m * Recovery: 12.9 m * Location: North Atlantic/BASIN * Campaign: Leg1 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 4 cores; 36.7 m cored; 0 m drilled; 35.1 % recovery
11-101A * Latitude: 25.198800 * Longitude: -74.438500 * Date/Time: 1970-04-24T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4868.0 m * Penetration: 691 m * Recovery: 23.5 m * Location: North Atlantic/RIDGE * Campaign: Leg11 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 10 cores; 89 m cored; 0 m drilled; 26.4 % recovery
11-105 * Latitude: 34.895300 * Longitude: -69.173300 * Date/Time: 1970-05-13T00:00:00 * Elevation: -5251.0 m * Penetration: 633 m * Recovery: 195.9 m * Location: North Atlantic/HILL * Campaign: Leg11 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 43 cores; 363 m cored; 0 m drilled; 54 % recovery
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