Emeis, Kay-Christian; ODP Leg 107 Scientific Party (1990): Pleistocene and upper Pliocene sapropels in the Tyrrhenian Sea, Mediterranean Sea. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.667520, Supplement to: Emeis, K-C; ODP Leg 107 Scientific Party (1990): Pleistocene/upper Pliocene sapropels in the Tyrrhenian Sea. In: Ittekott, V. (ed.), Facets of modern biogeochemistry: Festschrift for E.T. Degens, pp. 279-295
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A most significant finding of the ODP Leg 107 drilling campaign was the recovery of at least 56 distinct sapropel intervals in upper Pliocene to Pleistocene sediments of six sites drilled in the Tyrrhenian Sea. Except for 3 repots of disturbed organic-rich sediments - recovered in Core 201 of the Swedish Deep-Sea Expedition, in Core 2R-1,107 cm of Site 373 (Leg 13 DSDP) and at Site 373, Core 1-2,O-5 cm of DSDP Leg 42A - sapropels had previously only been described from the eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Scientific deep-sea drilling in the Tyrrhenian Sea during DSDP Legs 13 and 42A apparently missed most of these deposits due to spot coring and rotary drilling techniques; high sedimentation rates may have precluded recovery by conventional gravity coring devices.
The recovery of multiple layers of sapropels and sapropelic sediments in the Tyrrhenian Sea demonstrates that oceanographic conditions conducive to sapropel formation were not confined to the Black Sea and eastern Mediterranean, but occurred sporadically and possibly simultaneously in the entire Mediterranean during the Pliocene and Pleistocene. In the light of this finding, previous models of sapropel genesis may need reconsideration. In this paper, we present some initial data on the Tyrrhenian sapropels and suggest some implications of their massive occurrence in the western Mediterranean realm. We end by outlining possible causes for deposition of sapropels in an attempt to revive the interest in sapropels and their paleoceanographic significance.
Median Latitude: 40.151205 * Median Longitude: 12.268160 * South-bound Latitude: 39.356683 * West-bound Longitude: 10.696700 * North-bound Latitude: 40.579300 * East-bound Longitude: 13.900817
Date/Time Start: 1986-01-02T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-02-13T00:00:00
107-650 * Latitude: 39.356683 * Longitude: 13.900817 * Date/Time Start: 1986-01-02T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-01-10T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3516.3 m * Penetration: 736.3 m * Recovery: 311.1 m * Location: Tirreno Sea * Campaign: Leg107 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 69 cores; 633.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 49.1% recovery
107-651 * Latitude: 40.150500 * Longitude: 12.756500 * Date/Time Start: 1986-01-11T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-01-17T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3578.0 m * Penetration: 550.9 m * Recovery: 185.7 m * Location: Tirreno Sea * Campaign: Leg107 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 58 cores; 550.9 m cored; 0 m drilled; 33.7% recovery
107-652 * Latitude: 40.355000 * Longitude: 12.143200 * Date/Time Start: 1986-01-18T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-01-28T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3446.0 m * Penetration: 721.1 m * Recovery: 445.3 m * Location: Tirreno Sea * Campaign: Leg107 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 75 cores; 721.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 61.8% recovery