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Spadea, Piera; D'Antonio, Massimo; Thirlwall, Matthew F (1996): Element analyses and isotopic composition of basalts from the western Pacific. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.667140, Supplement to: Spadea, P et al. (1996): Source characteristics of the basement rocks from the Sulu and Celebes Basins (Western Pacific): chemical and isotopic evidence. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 123(2), 159-176, https://doi.org/10.1007/s004100050148

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Abstract:
New Sr- Nd- and Pb-isotopic and trace element data are presented on basalts from the Sulu and Celebes Basins, and the submerged Cagayan Ridge Arc (Western Pacific), recently sampled during Ocean Drilling Program Leg 124. Drilling has shown that the Sulu Basin developed about 18 Ma ago as a backarc basin, associated with the now submerged Cagayan Ridge Arc, whereas the Celebes Basin was generated about 43 Ma ago, contemporaneous with a general plate reorganisation in the Western Pacifc, subsequently developing as an open ocean receiving pelagic sediments until the middle Miocene. In both basins, a late middle Miocene collision phase and the onset of volcanic activity on adjacent arcs in the late Miocene are recorded. Covariations between 87Sr/86Sr and 143Nd/144Nd show that the seafoor basalts from both the Sulu and Celebes Basins are isotopically similar to depleted Indian mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORB), and distinct from East Pacifc Rise MORB, defining a single negative correlation. The Cagayan Arc volcanics are different, in that they have distinctly lower epsilon-Ne(T) for a given epsilon-Sr(T), compared to Sulu and Celebes basalts. In the 207Pb/204Pb and 208Pb/204Pb versus 206Pb/204Pb diagrams, the Celebes, Sulu and Cagayan rocks all plot distinctly above the Northern Hemisphere Reference Line, with high Delta 7/4 Pb (5.3-9.3) and Delta 8/4 Pb (46.3-68.1) values. They define a single trend of radiogenic lead enrichment from Celebes through Sulu to Cagayan Ridge, within the Indian Ocean MORB data field. The data suggest that the overall chemical and isotopic features of the Sulu, Cagayan and Celebes rocks may be explained by partial melting of a depleted asthenospheric N-MORB-type („normal“) mantle source with isotopic characteristics similar to those of the Indian Ocean MORB source. This asthenospheric source was slightly heterogeneous, giving rise to the Sr-Nd isotopic differences between the Celebes and Sulu basalts, and the Cagayan Ridge volcanics. In addition, a probably slab-derived component enriched in LILE and LREE is required to generate the elemental characteristics and low Ne(T) of the Cagayan Ridge island arc tholeiitic and calcalkaline lavas, and to contribute to a small extent in the backarc basalts of the Sulu Sea. The results of this study confirm and extend the widespread Indian Ocean MORB signature in the Western Pacifc region. This signature could have been inherited by the Indian Ocean mantle itself during the rupture of Gondwanaland, when fragments of this mantle could have migrated towards the present position of the Celebes, Sulu and Cagayan sources.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 7.036803 * Median Longitude: 122.082333 * South-bound Latitude: 4.791700 * West-bound Longitude: 120.679700 * North-bound Latitude: 8.785400 * East-bound Longitude: 123.669100
Date/Time Start: 1988-11-19T20:15:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-01-02T13:00:00
Event(s):
124-767C * Latitude: 4.791700 * Longitude: 123.503400 * Date/Time Start: 1988-11-19T20:15:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-11-26T00:15:00 * Elevation: -4916.0 m * Penetration: 791.7 m * Recovery: 44.67 m * Location: Mindanao Sea * Campaign: Leg124 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 12 cores; 111.7 m cored; 0 m drilled; 40 % recovery
124-768C * Latitude: 8.000000 * Longitude: 121.219800 * Date/Time Start: 1988-12-01T14:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-12-13T07:00:00 * Elevation: -4396.0 m * Penetration: 1268.5 m * Recovery: 525.69 m * Location: Sulu Sea * Campaign: Leg124 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 100 cores; 915 m cored; 0 m drilled; 57.5 % recovery
124-769 * Latitude: 8.785400 * Longitude: 121.294533 * Date/Time Start: 1988-12-14T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-12-18T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3656.0 m * Penetration: 732.5 m * Recovery: 401.5 m * Location: Sulu Sea * Campaign: Leg124 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 51 cores; 471.4 m cored; 0 m drilled; 85.2% recovery
Size:
10 datasets

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Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Spadea, P; D'Antonio, M; Thirlwall, MF (1996): (Table 1) Element concentrations of basalts from ODP Hole 124-768C, Sulu Basin, western Pacific. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.667130
  2. Spadea, P; D'Antonio, M; Thirlwall, MF (1996): (Table 1) Element concentrations of basalts from ODP Hole 124-770C, Celebes Basin, western Pacific. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.667131
  3. Spadea, P; D'Antonio, M; Thirlwall, MF (1996): (Table 2) Rare-earth element concentrations of basalts from ODP Hole 124-768C, southeast Sulu Basin, western Pacific. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.667132
  4. Spadea, P; D'Antonio, M; Thirlwall, MF (1996): (Table 2) Rare-earth element concentrations of basalts from ODP Hole 124-771A, Cagayan Basin, western Pacific. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.667134
  5. Spadea, P; D'Antonio, M; Thirlwall, MF (1996): (Table 2) Rare-earth element concentrations of basalts from ODP Site 124-770, Celebes Basin, western Pacific. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.667133
  6. Spadea, P; D'Antonio, M; Thirlwall, MF (1996): (Table 3) Isotope composition and trace element concentrations of basalts from ODP Hole 124-767C, Celebes Basin, western Pacific. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.667135
  7. Spadea, P; D'Antonio, M; Thirlwall, MF (1996): (Table 3) Isotope composition and trace element concentrations of basalts from ODP Hole 124-768C, southeast Sulu Basin, western Pacific. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.667136
  8. Spadea, P; D'Antonio, M; Thirlwall, MF (1996): (Table 3) Isotope composition and trace element concentrations of basalts from ODP Hole 124-770, Celebes Basin, western Pacific. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.667138
  9. Spadea, P; D'Antonio, M; Thirlwall, MF (1996): (Table 3) Isotope composition and trace element concentrations of basalts from ODP Hole 124-771A, Cagayan Basin, western Pacific. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.667139
  10. Spadea, P; D'Antonio, M; Thirlwall, MF (1996): (Table 3) Isotope composition and trace element concentrations of basalts from ODP Site 124-769, Cagayan Basin, western Pacific. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.667137