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Broecker, Wallace S; Bond, Gerard C; Klas, Mieczyslawa; Clark, Elizabeth; McManus, Jerry F (1992): Distribution of lithic fragments and the planktic foraminifera Neogloboquadrina pachyderma in quaternary sediments of DSDP Hole 94-609 (Table 2). PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Broecker, WS et al. (1992): Origin of the northern Atlantic's Heinrich events. Climate Dynamics, 6(3-4), 265-273,

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As first noted by Heinrich, 1988, glacial age sediments in the eastern part of the northern Atlantic contain layers with unusually high ratios of ice-rafted lithic fragments to foraminifera shells. He estimated that these layers are spaced at intervals of roughly 10000 years. In this paper we present detailed information documenting the existence of the upper five of these layers in ODP core 609 from 50°N and 24 °W. Their ages are respectively 15000 radiocarbon years, 20000 radiocarbon years, 27000 radiocarbon years, about 40000 years, and about 50000 years. We also note that the high lithic fragment to foram ratio is the result of a near absence of shells in these layers. Although we are not of one mind regarding the origin of these layers, we lean toward an explanation that the Heinrich layers are debris released during the melting of massive influxes of icebergs into the northern Atlantic. These sudden inputs may be the result of surges along the eastern margin of the Laurentide ice sheet.
Latitude: 49.877800 * Longitude: -24.238200
Date/Time Start: 1983-07-22T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1983-07-22T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.470 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 3.490 m
94-609 * Latitude: 49.877800 * Longitude: -24.238200 * Date/Time: 1983-07-22T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3884.0 m * Penetration: 399.4 m * Recovery: 301.4 m * Location: North Atlantic/FLANK * Campaign: Leg94 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 40 cores; 380.2 m cored; 19.2 m drilled; 79.3 % recovery
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
2Sample code/labelSample labelBroecker, Wallace SDSDP/ODP/IODP sample designation
3Size fraction > 0.063 mm, sand>63 µm%Broecker, Wallace S
4Lithic grainsLithic#/gBroecker, Wallace SCounting >150 µm fraction
5Foraminifera, per unit sediment massForam/sed#/gBroecker, Wallace SCounting >150 µm fraction
6Lithic grainsLithic%Broecker, Wallace SCounting >150 µm fraction
7Neogloboquadrina pachyderma sinistralN. pachyderma s%Broecker, Wallace SCounting >150 µm fraction
1867 data points

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