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Cousens, Brian L; Allan, James F; Gorton, Michael P (1994): Element and isotope compostion of basalts and sediments from the Japan Sea. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Cousens, BL et al. (1994): Subduction-modified pelagic sediments as the enriched component in back-arc basalts from the Japan Sea: Ocean Drilling Program Sites 797 and 794. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 117(4), 421-434,

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Ocean Drilling Program Legs 127 and 128 in the Yamato Basin of the Japan Sea, a Miocene-age back-arc basin in the western Pacific Ocean, recovered incompatible-element-depleted and enriched tholeiitic dolerites and basalts from the basin floor, which provide evidence of a significant sedimentary component in their mantle source. Isotopically, the volcanic rocks cover a wide range of compositions (e.g., 87Sr/86Sr = 0.70369 - 0.70503, 206Pb/204Pb = 17.65 - 18.36) and define a mixing trend between a depleted mantle (DM) component and an enriched component with the composition of EM II. At Site 797, the combined isotope and trace element systematics support a model of two component mixing between depleted, MORB-like mantle and Pacific pelagic sediments. A best estimate of the composition of the sedimentary component has been determined by analyzing samples of differing lithology from DSDP Sites 579 and 581 in the western Pacific, east of the Japan arc. The sediments have large depletions in the high field strength elements and are relatively enriched in the large-ion-lithophile elements, including Pb. These characteristics are mirrored, with reduced amplitudes, in Japan Sea enriched tholeiites and northeast Japan arc lavas, which strengthens the link between source enrichment and subducted sediments. However, Site 579/581 sediments have higher LILE/REE and lower HFSE/REE than the enriched component inferred fiom mixing trends at Site 797. Sub-arc devolatilization of the sediments is a process that will lower LILE/REE and raise HFSE/REE in the residual sediment, and thus this residual sediment may serve as the enriched component in the back-arc basalt source. Samples from other potential sources of an enriched, EM II-like component beneath Japan, such as the subcontinental lithosphere or crust, have isotopic compositions which overlap those of the Japan Sea tholeiites and are not "enriched" enough to be the EM II end-member.
Median Latitude: 40.338204 * Median Longitude: 146.600396 * South-bound Latitude: 38.616000 * West-bound Longitude: 134.536000 * North-bound Latitude: 43.927000 * East-bound Longitude: 159.796000
Date/Time Start: 1982-06-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-10-02T00:00:00
127-797C * Latitude: 38.616000 * Longitude: 134.536000 * Date/Time Start: 1989-08-04T17:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-08-18T17:00:00 * Elevation: -2876.0 m * Penetration: 900.1 m * Recovery: 164.18 m * Location: Japan Sea * Campaign: Leg127 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 45 cores; 416.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 39.5 % recovery
128-794 * Latitude: 40.182417 * Longitude: 138.232483 * Date/Time Start: 1989-09-05T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-10-02T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2815.2 m * Penetration: 1133.5 m * Recovery: 34.8 m * Location: Japan Sea * Campaign: Leg128 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 20 cores; 160.5 m cored; 400 m drilled; 21.7% recovery
86-579_Site * Latitude: 38.627400 * Longitude: 153.837100 * Date/Time: 1982-06-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -5737.0 m * Penetration: 1.674 m * Recovery: 1.332 m * Location: North Pacific * Campaign: Leg86 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 17 cores; 153.4 m cored; 0 m drilled; 86.8% recovery
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