Mühleisen, R (1968): (Table 2) Atmospheric electric measurements during the Atlantic Expedition 1965 of METEOR. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.666397, Supplement to: Mühleisen, R (1968): Luftelektrische Messungen auf dem Meer. Ergebnisse von der Atlantik-Fahrt des Forschungsschiffes Meteor 1965, Teil I : Feldstärke- und Ionenmessungen. Meteor Forschungsergebnisse, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Reihe B Meteorologie und Aeronomie, Gebrüder Bornträger, Berlin, Stuttgart, B2, 57-82
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During the Atlantic expedition potential gradient, small ion density and space charge density have been recorded. Laborious efforts have been taken for receiving an exact estimation of the reduction factor for the field measurements. The mean value of the potential gradient on the free Atlantic Ocean was 105 V/m. The mean daily course is in very good agreement with the results of the Carnegie Institution. Even records taken on individual days near the quator show this course.
For the first time it has been attempted to correlate the potential gradient at sea and the voltage between ionosphere and earth measured over land. A narrow relation has been found in 10 cases of balloon ascents with radiosondes. A further remarkable result is, that the short periodical fluctuations of the air electric field at sea with periods of 2 to 20 minutes have amplitudes of the magnitude of the mean field strength and exist all over the oceans. Recordings of the space charge density show, that positively charged air parcels drift in the first hectometer of the air near the sea surface and produce the fluctuation of the potential gradient. A period analysis did not indicate a recognizable relation to the wind velocity up to now, although an effect of air turbulence must be involved.
The concentration of small ions also has been measured occasionally. With this and mean values of the potential gradient the air earth curent density has been computed. With n+ = 310 cm**-3, n- = 220 cm**-3 the air conductivity would be Lambda = 1,14 * 10**-14 Ohm**-1 m**-1. These values are smaller than values of other authors by a factor of 2 or 3. Therefore the computed air earth current density is also smaller. The discrepancy could not be explained yet.
Median Latitude: 2.908983 * Median Longitude: -25.603807 * South-bound Latitude: -8.000000 * West-bound Longitude: -35.000000 * North-bound Latitude: 53.000000 * East-bound Longitude: 4.000000
Date/Time Start: 1965-08-11T09:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1965-12-06T23:00:00
Minimum ALTITUDE: 13 m * Maximum ALTITUDE: 13 m
M2-track * Latitude Start: 56.200000 * Longitude Start: 6.800000 * Latitude End: 53.800000 * Longitude End: 7.200000 * Date/Time Start: 1965-07-21T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1965-12-15T23:00:00 * Location: Atlantic * Campaign: M2 (IQSY - Jahre der ruhigen Sonne, Atlantische Expedition 1965) * Basis: Meteor (1964) * Device: Underway cruise track measurements (CT)
Latitude and Longitude are means for each day. Measured values are due to recordings during weather without precipitation and under undisturbed conditions.
|#||Name||Short Name||Unit||Principal Investigator||Method||Comment|
|5||Air electric potential gradient||E0||V/m||Mühleisen, R||Hourly mean values, reduced onto the plane surface of the sea|
|6||Difference||Diff||Mühleisen, R||Maximum fluctuation amplitude of E0, that means largest difference of 2 values of E0 measured within a time interval of 10 minutes|
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