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Hegner, Ernst; Dauelsberg, Hans-Jürgen; Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M; Jeandel, Catherine; de Baar, Hein JW (2007): Radionuclides measured in surface water samples from the South Atlantic. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.60056,
Supplement to: Hegner, E et al. (2007): Nd isotopes constrain the origin of suspended particles in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 8, Q10008, doi:10.1029/2007GC001666

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Abstract:
In the nutrient-rich Southern Ocean, Fe is a vital constituent controlling the growth of phytoplankton. Despite much effort, the origin and transport of Fe to the oceans are not well understood. In this study we address the issue with geochemical data and Nd isotopic compositions of suspended particle samples collected from 1997 to 1999 in the South Atlantic Sector of the Southern Ocean. Al, Th, and rare earth element (REE) concentrations as well as 143Nd/144Nd isotopic ratios in acetic acid-leached particle samples representing the lithogenic fraction delineate three major sources: (1) Patagonia and the Antarctic Peninsula provide material with eNd > -4 that is transported toward the east with the polar and subpolar front jets, (2) the south African shelf, although its influence is limited by the circumpolar circulation and wind direction, can account for material with eNd of -12 to -14 adjacent to South Africa, and (3) East Antarctica provides material with eNd of -10 to -15 to the eastern Weddell Sea and adjacent Antarctic Circumpolar Current. For this region we interpret the Nd isotopic evidence in combination with oceanographic/atmospheric constraints as evidence for supply of significant amounts of terrigenous detritus by icebergs.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -57.394414 * Median Longitude: -10.899730 * South-bound Latitude: -75.280000 * West-bound Longitude: -69.380000 * North-bound Latitude: -39.530000 * East-bound Longitude: 20.020000
Date/Time Start: 1997-11-14T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-05-08T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: 10 m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 10 m
Event(s):
Dauelsberg-track * Latitude Start: -49.750000 * Longitude Start: 5.870000 * Latitude End: -39.530000 * Longitude End: 18.840000 * Date/Time Start: 1997-11-14T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-05-08T00:00:00 * Elevation Start: 0.0 m * Elevation End: 0.0 m * Campaign: ANT-XV/2 (PS47) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Underway cruise track measurements (CT)
Comment:
Samples collected under way from surface water with a cont. centrifuge on Polarstern on 3 expeditions: ANT-XV/2, ANT-XV/3, ANT-XVI/3. 143Nd/144Nd ratios were normalized to 146Nd/144Nd = 0.7219 and correspond to 0.511850 in La Jolla Nd standard.
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Sample code/labelLabelRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel Mcruise_sample
2DATE/TIMEDate/TimeGeocode
3LATITUDELatitudeGeocode
4LONGITUDELongitudeGeocode
5DEPTH, waterDepth watermGeocode
6Profile/sampling lengthLengthkmRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel Mlength of sampled transect
7Particle concentrationPart concmg/lRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M
8epsilon-Neodymiume-NdRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel Mof bulk sample
9Error, absoluteError a±Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M2-sigma error of eNd in bulk sample
10epsilon-Neodymiume-NdRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel Msample residue after leaching
11Error, absoluteError a±Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M2-sigma error of eNd in residue
12epsilon-Neodymiume-NdRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel Mleached sample
13Error, absoluteError a±Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M2-sigma error of eNd in leached sample
14AluminiumAl%Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M
15Error, relativeError r%Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M2-sigma error of Al
16ThoriumThmg/kgRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M
17Error, relativeError r%Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M2-sigma error of Th
18LanthanumLamg/kgRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M
19Error, relativeError r%Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M2-sigma error of La
20NeodymiumNdmg/kgRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M
21Error, relativeError r%Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M2-sigma error of Nd
22YtterbiumYbmg/kgRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M
23Error, relativeError r%Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M2-sigma error of Yb
24Aluminium, particulateAl partnmol/lRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M
25Thorium, partiulateTh partfmol/lRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M
26Neodymium, particulateNd partpmol/lRutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M
Size:
1565 data points

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