Mollenhauer, Gesine; Schneider, Ralph R; Müller, Peter J; Spieß, Volkhard; Wefer, Gerold (2002): Surface sediment data, CaCO3 and TOC. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.59873, Supplement to: Mollenhauer, G et al. (2002): Glacial/Interglacial variability in the Benguela upwelling system: Spatial distribution and budgets of organic carbon accumulation. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16(4), 1134, doi:10.1029/2001GB001488
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Modern sedimentary total organic carbon (TOC) content as a proxy for surface water export production was mapped on the shelf and on the upper continental slope of the Benguela upwelling system using 137 core tops. Shelf maxima in TOC can be correlated with maxima in surface water productivity. On the slope, high TOC contents are observed offshore from sites of strong modern upwelling. Estimates of modern TOC mass accumulation rates (MAR) show that approximately 85% of the total is accumulating on the shelf. TOC MAR were calculated, mapped, and budgeted for the Holocene and for the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) using 19 sediment cores from the continental slope. During the LGM, centers of deposition and production have migrated offshore with respect to their Holocene positions. TOC accumulation on the continental slope was approximately 84% higher during the LGM than during the Holocene, possibly reflecting enhanced productivity. The TOC distribution patterns and sediment echo sounding data suggest that undercurrents strongly influence the sedimentation off Namibia. Winnowing and focusing result in great lateral heterogeneity of sedimentation rates and sediment properties. Individual cores therefore do not necessarily reflect general changes in export production. These results highlight the need for detailed regional studies based on a large number of sediment cores for highly heterogeneous high-productivity areas in order to derive general statements on total fluxes.
Median Latitude: -23.817133 * Median Longitude: 12.373333 * South-bound Latitude: -27.951667 * West-bound Longitude: 8.926667 * North-bound Latitude: -18.955000 * East-bound Longitude: 14.331667
Date/Time Start: 1993-05-27T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1996-02-17T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.005 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.005 m
GeoB2310-1 * Latitude: -22.265000 * Longitude: 12.540000 * Date/Time: 1993-05-27T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1019.0 m * Recovery: 0.22 m * Location: Angola Benguela Front * Campaign: SO86 (PROBOSWA) * Basis: Sonne * Device: MultiCorer (MUC) * Comment: carbonat-rich mud, olive-green, foraminifers frequent, 4 small / 10 big tubes
GeoB3606-2 * Latitude: -25.466667 * Longitude: 13.083333 * Date/Time: 1996-01-15T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1793.0 m * Recovery: 0.35 m * Location: Northern Cape Basin * Campaign: M34/1 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Device: MultiCorer (MUC) * Comment: Soft olive green mud. Pellets
|#||Name||Short Name||Unit||Principal Investigator||Method||Comment|
|2||Latitude of event||Latitude|
|3||Longitude of event||Longitude|
|4||Elevation of event||Elevation||m|
|5||Date/Time of event||Date/Time|
|7||Carbon, organic, total||TOC||%||Müller, Peter J||Element analyser CHN|
|8||Calcium carbonate||CaCO3||%||Müller, Peter J||Element analyser CHN|
50 data points