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Mayer, Bernhard; Schwark, Lorenz (2000): Age model and chemistry of sediment core STK7 from Steisslinger See. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.57506, Supplement to: Mayer, B; Schwark, L (1999): A 15.000-year stable isotope record from sediments of Lake Steisslingen, Southwest Germany. Chemical Geology, 161(1-3), 315-337, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2541(99)00093-5

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Abstract:
Stable isotope records for carbon and oxygen in bulk carbonates, carbon in bulk organic matter, and for total and chromium-reducible sulfur in a lacustrine sediment core from Lake Steisslingen (Southwest Germany) show several distinct and abrupt shifts during the last 15,000 years. Variations in the isotopic composition of authigenic carbonates indicate two major phases in the lake history. In the pre-Holocene, the hydrological budget of the lake was apparently stable. Variations of delta18O values of authigenic carbonates were, therefore, dominantly controlled by temperature changes. A decrease in the delta18Ocarb values of about 2 per mil at the Allerød/Younger Dryas transition is interpreted as a drop in mean annual air temperatures of approximately 5°C. An abrupt temperature increase of a similar magnitude is inferred at the Younger Dryas/Preboreal boundary. Throughout most of the Holocene, the isotopic composition of authigenic carbonates was influenced by marked changes in the hydrological budget of the lake. A major positive excursion in the delta13Ccarb and delta18Ocarb values at the beginning of the Atlantic and a smaller one in the Preboreal were related to evaporation effects, which indicate that dry climatic conditions must have prevailed at that time. A simultaneous increase in delta13C values of bulk organic matter at the beginning of the Atlantic suggests a high level of productivity in the lake. As a consequence, aqueous sulfate became limited as indicated by variations in the delta34S values of total and chromium-reducible sedimentary sulfur. Therefore, we conclude that the beginning of the Atlantic was characterized not only by dry but also by warm climatic conditions, which triggered a higher productivity in the lake. In the Subatlantic sediments, large variations in carbon, oxygen, and sulfur isotope ratios were observed as a result of human activities, causing considerable perturbations in the biogeochemical element cycling of Lake Steisslingen. Results obtained by the study of the continuous 15 ka record of Lake Steisslingen document clearly that isotopic proxy data from lacustrine sediments can provide useful information on environmental and climatic changes of local, regional, and in the case of the Younger Dryas event, of even hemispherical significance.
Coverage:
Latitude: 47.799519 * Longitude: 8.915893
Date/Time Start: 1994-06-09T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1994-06-09T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.000 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 6.315 m
Event(s):
STK7 * Latitude: 47.799519 * Longitude: 8.915893 * Date/Time: 1994-06-09T00:00:00 * Elevation: 424.5 m * Penetration: 6.35 m * Recovery: 6.27 m * Location: Steisslinger See * Campaign: LakeSedIGDL * Basis: Sampling/drilling in lake * Method/Device: Piston corer (PC) * Comment: deepest part of the lake
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
2Age modelAge modelkaSchwark, LorenzAge model, varve counting
3ChronozoneChronozoneSchwark, Lorenz
4Carbon, organic, totalTOC%Schwark, LorenzElement analyser CHN
5Carbon, inorganic, totalTIC%Schwark, Lorenz
6Carbon, totalTC%Schwark, Lorenz
7Sulfur, totalTS%Schwark, Lorenz
8Carbon/Nitrogen ratioC/NSchwark, LorenzCalculated
9Dichloromethane soluble fractionds fraction%Schwark, Lorenz
10δ34S, totalδ34S tot‰ CDTSchwark, Lorenz
11δ13C, carbonateδ13C carb‰ PDBSchwark, LorenzIsotope ratio mass spectrometry
12δ18O, carbonateδ18O carb‰ PDBSchwark, LorenzIsotope ratio mass spectrometry
13δ13C, organic carbonδ13C Corg‰ PDBSchwark, Lorenz
14Hydrogen index, mass HC per unit mass total organic carbonHI, HC/TOCmg/gSchwark, LorenzRock eval pyrolysis (Behar et al., 2001)
15Oxygen index, mass CO2 per unit mass total organic carbonOI, CO2/TOCmg/gSchwark, LorenzRock eval pyrolysis (Behar et al., 2001)
16Terrestric aquatic ratio [(C24+C26+C28)/(C14+C16+C18)]TAR (../14+16+18)Schwark, Lorenz
17Terrestric aquatic ratio [(C24+C26+C28)/(C12+C14+C16+C18)]TAR (../12+14+16+18)Schwark, Lorenz
18Ratio of (n-C27/(n-C27+n-C29+n-C31))27/(27+29+31)Schwark, Lorenz
19Carbon Preference Index of n-Alkanes (C23-C31)CPI-(23-31)Schwark, Lorenz
20Alkenone, unsaturation index UK'37UK'37Schwark, LorenzCalculated, see reference(s)
21Alkenone, unsaturation index UK37UK37Schwark, LorenzCalculated from C37 alkenones (Brassell et al., 1986)
22Alkenone, C37+C38 normalized to total organic carbon(K37+K38) n TOCµg/gSchwark, LorenzCalculated
23Calcium carbonateCaCO3%Schwark, Lorenz
24δ15Nδ15N‰ airSchwark, Lorenz
Size:
6340 data points

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