Kuhle, Matthias (1983): Firn line elevation of the Dickson Land peninsula. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.56770,hdl:10013/epic.29527.d001Supplement to: Kuhle, M (1983): Zur Geomorphologie von S-Dickson Land (W-Spitzbergen) mit Schwerpunkt auf der quartären Vergletscherungsgeschichte. Polarforschung, 53(1), 31-57,
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The Dickson Land peninsula is located in central West-Spitsbergen between the NNE branches of Isfjorden. The climatic firn line lying at 500 m causes plateau glaciers with outlet tongues which are characteristic of S-Dickson Land. The distribution of valley glaciers and the variations of the orographic firn line depend on wind direction.
In comparing the firn lines established by the methods of LICHTENECKER (1938) and VISSER (1938), to the values calculated by the method of v. HÖFER (1879), differences of up to l07 m are found. These differences may depend on the inclination and distance relationships of the glaciers above and below the real firn lines.
During the latest glacial advance, Dickson Land was located on the peripheries of two local glaciation centers. At that time an inland glaciation of West-Spitsbergen did not exist .
The formation of a subglacial channel system dates back to the maximum extent of the late glacial phase before 17500 B.P, (+2000/-1375 years).
A correlation of postglacial stadia and 14C dated marine terraces (FEYLING-HANSSEN & OLSSON, 1960; FEYLING-HANSSEN, 1965) is possible. Considering isostatic movement and the difference between calculated and real firn lines, a postglacial stadium at about 10400 B. P. can be reconstructed with a firn line lying 265 m above former sea level. On average, the absolute depression below the recent firn line amounted to 246 m. Stagnation at 9650 B.P. coincided with a firn line at 315 m above former sea level and a depression of 173 m. Around 1890 A.D., glacial fluctuations corresponded to a firn line at 415 m (depression: 64 m).
To some extent the morphology of the main valleys appears to depend on structure and petrography. Therefore their value as indicators of former glaciations is questionable.
The periglacial forms are shown on a large-scale map. At the time of the "Holocene warm interval", between 7000 and 2000 B.P. (FEYLING-HANSSEN, 1955a, 1965), an increase of periglacial activity seems likely. This can be explained by a simultaneous increase in the depth of the active layer in both soil and bedrock.
Median Latitude: 78.615280 * Median Longitude: 15.931392 * South-bound Latitude: 78.466700 * West-bound Longitude: 15.116700 * North-bound Latitude: 78.850000 * East-bound Longitude: 17.333300
|#||Name||Short Name||Unit||Principal Investigator||Method||Comment|
|4||Age, maximum/old||Age max||ka||Kuhle, Matthias|
|5||Age, minimum/young||Age min||ka||Kuhle, Matthias|
|6||Age, comment||Comm||Kuhle, Matthias|
|7||Snow line elevation||Snow line||m a.s.l.||Kuhle, Matthias|
|8||Geographic name/locality||Locality||Kuhle, Matthias|
300 data points