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Alexandrova, Olga A; Shevchenko, Vladimir P; Fahl, Kirsten; Stein, Ruediger (1999): Lipid composition of particulate matter measured on water bottle samples during POLARSTERN cruise ARK-XI/1. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Alexandrova, OA et al. (1999): The lipid composition of particulate matter from the transitional zone between Kara and Laptev Seas. In: Stein, R; Fahl, K; Ivanov, G I; Levitan, M A; Tarasov, G (eds.), Modern and Late Quaternary depositional environment of the St. Anna Trough area, northern Kara Sea, Reports on Polar Research, 244 pp, 342, 93-102, hdl:10013/epic.10345.d001

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The lipid composition of particulate matter in oceanic environments can provide informations on the nature and origin of the organic matter as well as on their transformation processes. Molecular characteristics for lipids in the Arctic environment have been used as indicators of the sources and transformation of organic particulate matter (Smith et al., 1997; Fahl and Stein, 1997, 1999). However, the features of the lipid composition of particulate matter in the Arctic with its high seasonality of ice Cover and primary productivity has been studied insufficiently.
Lipids are one of the most important compounds of organic matter. On the one hand, the composition of lipids is a result of the variability of biological sources (phyto- and zooplankton, higher plants, bacteria etc.). On the other hand, the lipid composition of particulate matter is undergone significant alteration during vertical transport. The organic matter balance in the Arctic marginal seas, such as the Kara and Laptev seas, is characterized by the significant supply of dissolved and particulate material by the major Eurasian rivers - Ob, Yenisei and Lena (Cauwet and Sidorov, 1996; Gordeev et al., 1996, Martin et al., 1993). In relation to the world's ocean the primary productivity values are lower in the Arctic seas due to the ice-cover. However local increased values of primary productivity can be connected with the melting processes inducing increased phytoplankton growth near ice-edge (Nelson et al., 1989; Fahl and Stein, 1997) and enhanced river supply of nutrients, These features can influence the proportion of allochtonous and autochtonous components of the organic matter in the Arctic marginal seas (Fahl and Stein, 1997; Stein and Fahl, 1999). Furthermore, increased lipid contents in aquatic environments were found near density discontinuities (Parish et al., 1988). Although being less informative than lipid studies on the molecular level the character of lipid composition analysis on the group could also be used for studying of particulate organic matter and its transformation in sedimentation processes in the Arctic. In this paper the investigation of the characteristics of lipid composition performed by Alexandrova and Shevchenko (1997) in Arctic seas was continued.
Fourth Framework Programme (FP4), grant/award no. MAS3980185: Quaternary Environment of the Eurasian North
Median Latitude: 81.537157 * Median Longitude: 90.971900 * South-bound Latitude: 79.555000 * West-bound Longitude: 87.036700 * North-bound Latitude: 82.350000 * East-bound Longitude: 96.616700
Date/Time Start: 1995-09-08T18:56:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-09-11T13:20:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 1004 m
PS36/088-1 * Latitude: 81.766700 * Longitude: 96.616700 * Date/Time: 1995-09-08T18:56:00 * Elevation: -1733.0 m * Location: Arctic Ocean * Campaign: ARK-XI/1 (PS36) * Basis: Polarstern * Method/Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO)
PS36/089-1 * Latitude: 82.350000 * Longitude: 93.003300 * Date/Time: 1995-09-09T02:47:00 * Elevation: -2750.0 m * Location: Arctic Ocean * Campaign: ARK-XI/1 (PS36) * Basis: Polarstern * Method/Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO)
PS36/091-1 * Latitude: 82.071700 * Longitude: 90.983300 * Date/Time: 1995-09-09T21:58:00 * Elevation: -1021.0 m * Location: Arctic Ocean * Campaign: ARK-XI/1 (PS36) * Basis: Polarstern * Method/Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO)
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEvent
2Date/Time of eventDate/Time
3Latitude of eventLatitude
4Longitude of eventLongitude
5Elevation of eventElevationm
6DEPTH, waterDepth watermGeocode
7HydrocarbonsHC%Alexandrova, Olga AChromatographic
8Wax estersWax esters%Alexandrova, Olga AChromatographic
9Sterol estersSterol esters%Alexandrova, Olga AChromatographic
10Fatty acid estersFatty acid esters%Alexandrova, Olga AChromatographic
11TriacylglycerolsTAG%Alexandrova, Olga AChromatographic
12Fatty acidsFatty acids%Alexandrova, Olga AChromatographic
13Lipids, polarLipids pol%Alexandrova, Olga AChromatographic
14LipidsLipidsµg/lAlexandrova, Olga AChromatographic
191 data points

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