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Yuretich, Richard; Melles, Martin; Sarata, Brenn; Grobe, Hannes (2005): Clay mineralogy and sedimentology of coring Site BDP93-2 in Lake Baikal. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.56129,
Supplement to: Yuretich, R et al. (1999): Clay minerals in the sediments of Lake Baikal: a useful climate proxy. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 69(3), 588-596, hdl:10013/epic.14025.d001

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Abstract:
Lake Baikal, in south-central Siberia, has been the focus of an international effort (the Baikal Drilling Project; BDP) to obtain continuous long cores (upwards of 100 m) from this unique rift-valley lake and to interpret the paleoclimatic history from various proxy data. As part of this effort, the clay minerals were examined by two research teams. A consistent clay-mineral assemblage, containing illite, interstratified illite-smectite, chlorite, and kaolinite as the major minerals, characterizes much of the modern sediments. The relative abundance of these minerals changes with depth in both short piston cores from various parts of the lake and in 100-m-long cores taken from the distal toe of the Selenga Delta (BDP-93). Independent analyses of the abundance changes and correlation with other data from the cores show that the clays are responding to two influences: (1) climatic fluctuations, particularly in the upper 40 m of the sedimentary record, which show the relative amount of illite-smectite (and sometimes kaolinite) increasing during warmer climate episodes, and (2) source-area changes, which are most evident below 40 m in the BDP-93 cores and mark a shift from an eastern (Buguldeika River) to a western (Selenga River) source. The clay-mineral-based climate fluctuations are correlative with the marine oxygen-isotope record through stage 7, and provide a relatively simple and cost-effective tool for gaining insight into the paleoclimate of this interior continental site.
Other version:
Yuretich, Richard; Melles, Martin; Sarata, Brenn; Grobe, Hannes (2008): Clay mineralogy and sedimentology of coring Site BDP-1-B (BDP93-2). Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, doi:10.1594/GFZ.SDDB.1131
Project(s):
Baikal Drilling Project (BDP)
Coverage:
Latitude: 52.500000 * Longitude: 106.167000
Date/Time Start: 1993-01-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1993-01-01T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.14 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 97.68 m
Event(s):
BDP93-2 * Latitude: 52.500000 * Longitude: 106.167000 * Date/Time: 1993-01-01T00:00:00 * Lake water depth: 344 m * Recovery: 98 m * Campaign: BDP1993 * Basis: Sampling/drilling in lake * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL)
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
2SmectiteSme%Melles, MartinX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fraction
3Smectite/standard ratioSmec/stdMelles, MartinX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fractionstandard: MoS2 (molybdenum sulphide)
4IlliteIll%Melles, MartinX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fraction
5Illite/standard ratioIll/stdMelles, MartinX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fractionstandard: MoS2 (molybdenum sulphide)
6ChloriteChl%Melles, MartinX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fraction
7Chlorite/standard ratioChl/stdMelles, MartinX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fractionstandard: MoS2 (molybdenum sulphide)
8KaoliniteKln%Melles, MartinX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fraction
9Kaolinite/standard ratioKln/stdMelles, MartinX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fractionstandard: MoS2 (molybdenum sulphide)
10Amphibole/standard ratioAmp/stdMelles, MartinX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fractionstandard: MoS2 (molybdenum sulphide)
11Quartz/standard ratioQz/stdMelles, MartinX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fractionstandard: MoS2 (molybdenum sulphide)
12Feldspar/standard ratioFsp/stdMelles, MartinX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fractionstandard: MoS2 (molybdenum sulphide)
13SandSand%Grobe, Hannes
14SiltSilt%Grobe, Hannes
15Size fraction < 0.002 mm, > 9 phi, clay<2 µm, >9 phi%Grobe, Hannes
16Calcium carbonateCaCO3%Melles, MartinElement analyser CHN
17Carbon, organic, totalTOC%Melles, MartinElement analyser CHN
18Nitrogen, totalTN%Melles, MartinElement analyser CHN
19delta 13C, organic carbond13C Corgper mil PDBHubberten, Hans-Wolfgang
Size:
8202 data points

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