Zielinski, G A; Mershon, G R (1999): GISP2 Volcanic markers. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.56074
Always quote above citation when using data! You can download the citation in several formats below.
GRIP/GISP (1997): The Greenland Summit Ice Cores CD-ROM GISP2/GRIP. National Snow and Ice Data Center, University of Colorado at Boulder, and World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, National Geophysical Data Center, Boulder Colorado, CD-ROM, http://store.pangaea.de/Projects/GRIP-GISP/grip-gisp.iso
Hempel, L; Thyssen, F (1993): Deep radio echo soundings in the vicinity of GRIP and GISP2 drill sites, Greenland. Polarforschung, 62(1), 11-16, hdl:10013/epic.29695.d001
Palais, J M; Germani, M S; Zielinski, G A (1992): Interhemispheric transport of volcanic ash from a 1259 A.D. volcanic eruption to the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. Geophysical Research Letters, 19, 801-804, https://doi.org/10.1029/92GL00240
Palais, J M; Taylor, Kendrick C; Mayewski, Paul A; Grootes, Pieter Meiert (1991): Volcanic ash from the 1362 A.D. Oraefajokull eruption (Iceland) in the Greenland ice sheet. Geophysical Research Letters, 18, 1241-1244, https://doi.org/10.1029/91GL01557
Zielinski, G A; Fiacco, R J; Mayewski, Paul A; Meeker, L D; Whitlow, Sallie I; Twickler, Mark S; Germani, M S; Endo, K; Yasui, Masashi (1994): Climatic impact of the A.D. 1783 Asama (Japan) eruption was minimal: Evidence from the GISP2 ice core. Geophysical Research Letters, 21(22), 2365-2368, https://doi.org/10.1029/94GL02481
Zielinski, G A; Mershon, G R (1997): Paleoenvironmental implications of the insoluble microparticle record in the GISP2 (Greenland) ice core during the rapidly changing climate of the Pleistocene-Holocene transition. Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 109(5), 547-559, https://doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1997)109%3C0547:PIOTIM%3E2.3.CO;2
Median Latitude: 36.295000 * Median Longitude: -19.230000 * South-bound Latitude: 0.000000 * West-bound Longitude: -38.460000 * North-bound Latitude: 72.590000 * East-bound Longitude: 0.000000
Date/Time Start: 1990-01-01T00:39:00 * Date/Time End: 1990-01-01T00:39:00
Minimum Elevation: 0.0 m * Maximum Elevation: 3203.0 m
Volcanic sulfate record on Meese/Sowers timescale. Each sample is approximately bi-annual for the last ~12,000 years with a consistent increase in the time covered by each sample to around 50 years/sample at 110,000 years ago. The volcanic sulfate record is derived by applying an empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis on the entire glaciochemical time series (Mayewski et al., 1997a). EOF5 was found to explain 12% of the variance in the sulfate record, but it did not significantly explain the variance in any other chemical species. The excellent correlation in the EOF time series and the volcanic sulfate record for the last 9000 years, based on sulfate residuals over a robust spline (Zielinski et al.,1994a) indicates that EOF5 is an indicator of volcanic sulfate deposition over the last 110 kyr.
21958 data points