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Mackensen, Andreas (2001): Isotope tracers (Delta d13C) in Weddell Sea water during POLARSTERN cruise ANT-XII/3. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55750, Supplement to: Mackensen, A (2001): Oxygen and carbon stable isotope tracers of Weddell Sea water masses: new data and some paleoceanographic implications. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 48(6), 1401-1422, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(00)00093-5

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Abstract:
Stable oxygen isotopic composition of sea water and stable carbon isotopes of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) on the continental shelf in the southern Weddell Sea are presented. Using the stations sampled during the summer 1995 two sections can be constructed, one closely parallel to the ice shelf edge and the other perpendicular to the upper continental slope. Generally, delta18O values clearly separate between different shelf water masses depending on the content of meteoric meltwater added during melting of glacial ice. Extrapolation of the mixing line between the cores of High Salinity Shelf Water (HSSW) and supercooled Ice Shelf Water (ISW) reveals delta18O values of the glacial ice of -27 per mil, whereas extrapolation of the mixing line between the delta18O values of the most-saline HSSW and lowest temperature ISW results in delta18O values of -34 per mil for glacial ice. These values point to an origin of meltwater from below the ice shelf, where ice is less depleted in 18O, since deep beneath the ice shelf close to the grounding line, values may reach -40 per mil. If values between -34 and -27 per mil are used as delta18O end member values for glacial ice, the amount of meltwater from the ice shelf that adds to the formation of ISW off the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf ranges from 0.2 to 0.8%, in agreement with previous studies based on delta18O and 4He. Carbon isotopic fractionation due to gas exchange between the atmosphere and the ocean at cold temperatures results in Delta delta13CDIC values of 0.20 +/- 0.17 per mil for Weddell Sea Deep Water, the water mass that ventilates the global abyssal ocean, typically defined as Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW). This confirms the low end of the range estimated previously (0.2-0.4 per mil), and thus corroborates the dominance of biology in shaping the deep and bottom water delta13C signal. It has been hypothesized that different modes of glacial/interglacial Antarctic bottom water formation may be separated by different stable isotopic compositions of deep-sea foraminiferal calcite. Here I show that differences between Delta delta13C and delta18O values of HSSW and ISW, both of which contribute to bottom water formation today, are too small to be resolved in deep and bottom water masses. Therefore, glacial/interglacial changes in relative proportions of these water masses in Antarctic deep and bottom water cannot be separated by stable isotopes of fossil benthic foraminiferal calcite.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -75.375660 * Median Longitude: -44.808553 * South-bound Latitude: -77.635000 * West-bound Longitude: -60.846660 * North-bound Latitude: -73.001667 * East-bound Longitude: -29.998333
Date/Time Start: 1995-01-25T12:28:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-03-04T04:13:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: 4.55 m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 3297.63 m
Event(s):
PS34/113 * Latitude Start: -77.141667 * Longitude Start: -46.335000 * Latitude End: -77.145000 * Longitude End: -46.335000 * Date/Time Start: 1995-01-25T12:28:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-01-25T13:00:00 * Elevation Start: -247.0 m * Elevation End: -248.0 m * Campaign: ANT-XII/3 (PS34) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Multiple investigations (MULT)
PS34/114 * Latitude Start: -77.056667 * Longitude Start: -47.780000 * Latitude End: -77.055000 * Longitude End: -47.830000 * Date/Time Start: 1995-01-25T16:11:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-01-25T16:47:00 * Elevation: -250.0 m * Campaign: ANT-XII/3 (PS34) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Multiple investigations (MULT)
PS34/115 * Latitude Start: -76.991667 * Longitude Start: -48.820000 * Latitude End: -76.991667 * Longitude End: -49.055000 * Date/Time Start: 1995-01-25T18:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-01-25T19:06:00 * Elevation Start: -260.0 m * Elevation End: -257.0 m * Campaign: ANT-XII/3 (PS34) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Multiple investigations (MULT)
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Event labelEvent
2Date/Time of eventDate/Time
3Latitude of eventLatitude
4Longitude of eventLongitude
5Elevation of eventElevationm
6DEPTH, waterDepth watermGeocode
7delta 13C, dissolved inorganic carbond13C DICper mil PDBMackensen, AndreasMass spectrometer Finnigan MAT 251
8delta 18O, waterd18O H2Oper mil SMOWMackensen, AndreasMass spectrometer Finnigan MAT 251
9Delta delta 13CDd13Cper mil PDBMackensen, AndreasCalculated
Size:
1886 data points

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