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Klump, Jens; Hebbeln, Dierk; Wefer, Gerold (2001): Geochemistry of surface sediment cores. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55542, Supplement to: Klump, J et al. (2001): High concentration of biogenic barium in Pacific sediments after Termination I - a signal of changes in productivity and deep water chemistry. Marine Geology, 177(1-2), 1-11, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-3227(01)00120-7

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Abstract:
High concentrations of barium have been found in sediments deposited on the Chilean continental slope after glacial Termination I. When compared to independent proxies of paleoproductivity, the pattern of biogenic barium accumulation does not match the changes in paleoproductivity in this region and cannot be explained by changes in the terrigenous supply of barium alone. This leaves an increased concentration of dissolved barium in sea water as the most likely cause of the observed barium anomalies. Based upon the accumulation rate of biogenic barium and the paleoproductivity index, which was calculated from the accumulation rates of organic carbon, biogenic opal and carbonate, the changes in the concentration of dissolved barium in the Pacific Ocean in the course of the last glacial and through the Holocene could be modelled. This model shows that barium concentrations in the Pacific during the last glacial were comparable to today (150 nmol/kg). The highest dissolved barium concentrations were calculated for the Early and Middle Holocene (190 nmol/kg). The resulting pattern of variations in the barium concentration in the seawater agrees well with Ba/Ca ratios in benthic foraminifera published in the literature. The observed changes are probably driven by the Holocene shoaling of the Pacific carbonate compensation depth, which is assumed to have caused an increased flux of previously carbonate-bound barium from the sediment to the deep ocean waters, leading to the observed longstanding maximum of dissolved barium in the Pacific during the Holocene.
Related to:
Klump, Jens (1999): Biogenic barite as a proxy of paleoproductivity variations in the southern Peru-Chile Current. Berichte aus dem Fachbereich Geowissenschaften der Universität Bremen, 139, 107 pp, urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-ep000102570
Klump, Jens; Hebbeln, Dierk; Wefer, Gerold (2000): The impact of sediment provenance on barium-based productivity estimates. Marine Geology, 169(3-4), 259-271, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-3227(00)00092-X
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -34.066237 * Median Longitude: -72.806839 * South-bound Latitude: -43.218333 * West-bound Longitude: -75.950000 * North-bound Latitude: -19.956000 * East-bound Longitude: -70.330000
Date/Time Start: 1994-03-11T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-09-27T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.005 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.005 m
Event(s):
GeoB3301-1 (SO101/3_1-1) * Latitude: -33.146667 * Longitude: -71.981667 * Date/Time: 1995-04-25T00:00:00 * Elevation: -969.0 m * Location: South-East Pacific * Campaign: SO101 (CONDOR-Ia) * Basis: Sonne * Device: MultiCorer (MUC) * Comment: not released
GeoB3302-2 (SO101/3_2-2) * Latitude: -33.218333 * Longitude: -72.086667 * Date/Time: 1995-04-26T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1502.0 m * Recovery: 0.24 m * Location: South-East Pacific * Campaign: SO101 (CONDOR-Ia) * Basis: Sonne * Device: MultiCorer (MUC) * Comment: core recovery 7/8, 2/4
GeoB3303-1 (SO101/3_3-1) * Latitude: -33.206667 * Longitude: -72.175000 * Date/Time: 1995-04-26T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1983.0 m * Recovery: 0.27 m * Location: South-East Pacific * Campaign: SO101 (CONDOR-Ia) * Basis: Sonne * Device: MultiCorer (MUC) * Comment: core recovery 8/8, 4/4
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Latitude of eventLatitude
2Longitude of eventLongitude
3Event labelEvent
4Elevation of eventElevationm
5DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
6Carbon in carbonateC (carb)%Hebbeln, DierkElement analyser CHN
7Carbon, organic, totalTOC%Hebbeln, DierkElement analyser CHN
8BariumBamg/kgKlump, JensICP-AES, Inductively coupled plasma - atomic emission spectroscopy
9Barium, biogenicBa biomg/kgKlump, JensCalculated
10Barium, terrigenousBa termg/kgKlump, JensCalculated
11AluminiumAl%Klump, JensICP-AES, Inductively coupled plasma - atomic emission spectroscopy
12IronFe%Klump, JensICP-AES, Inductively coupled plasma - atomic emission spectroscopy
13TitaniumTi%Klump, JensICP-AES, Inductively coupled plasma - atomic emission spectroscopy
14ManganeseMn%Klump, JensICP-AES, Inductively coupled plasma - atomic emission spectroscopy
15Iron/Aluminium ratioFe/AlKlump, JensCalculated
16Carbon/Nitrogen ratioC/NKlump, JensCalculated
17Barium/Aluminium ratioBa/AlKlump, JensCalculated
18Barium/Aluminium ratioBa/AlKlump, JensCalculatedof terrigenous sediment fraction, verified with regional stream sediment data
Size:
680 data points

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