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Mayewski, Paul A (1999): GISP2 Ions: Deep (D) Core (Detailed). PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55533

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Related to:
GRIP/GISP (1997): The Greenland Summit Ice Cores CD-ROM GISP2/GRIP. National Snow and Ice Data Center, University of Colorado at Boulder, and World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, National Geophysical Data Center, Boulder Colorado, CD-ROM, http://store.pangaea.de/Projects/GRIP-GISP/grip-gisp.iso
Mayewski, Paul A; Lyons, WB; Spencer, M J; Twickler, Mark S; Buck, C F; Whitlow, Sallie I (1990): An ice core record of atmospheric response to anthropogenic sulphate and nitrate. Nature, 346(6284), 554-556, https://doi.org/10.1038/346554a0
Mayewski, Paul A; Meeker, L D; Twickler, Mark S; Whitlow, Sallie I; Yang, Q; Lyons, WB; Prentice, M (1997): Major features and forcing of high-latitude northern hemisphere atmospheric circulation using a 110,000-year-long glaciochemical series. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 102(C12), 26345-26366, https://doi.org/10.1029/96JC03365
Mayewski, Paul A; Whitlow, Sallie I; Twickler, Mark S; Morrison, M E S; Talbot, R W; Dibb, J E; Linder, E (1995): Global perspective of nitrate flux in ice cores. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 100(D3), 5113-5122, https://doi.org/10.1029/94JD03115
Taylor, Kendrick C; Mayewski, Paul A; Twickler, Mark S; Whitlow, Sallie I (1996): Biomass burning recorded in the GISP2 ice core: a record from eastern Canada? The Holocene, 6(1), 1-6, https://doi.org/10.1177/095968369600600101
Project(s):
Greenland Ice Core Projects (GRIP/GISP/NGRIP)
Coverage:
Latitude: 72.588000 * Longitude: -38.457000
Minimum DEPTH, ice/snow: 96.0465 m * Maximum DEPTH, ice/snow: 3041.9900 m
Event(s):
GISP2-D * Latitude: 72.588000 * Longitude: -38.457000 * Elevation Start: 3203.0 m * Elevation End: 0.0 m * Campaign: GISP * Basis: Sampling/drilling ice * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: The length of the 3-km borehole at the GISP2 site was measured by two completely independent geophysical logging systems, the University of Copenhagen system (UCPH) and the U.S. Geological Survey's temperature system (USGS). Both systems utilized steel logging cables. The depth calibration factor for the UCPH system was determined from the measured length of the GRIP ice core while the USGS system was calibrated using a fiberglass tape measure with a low coefficient of thermal expansion. The accuracy of the depth measurements for both systems is estimated to be 2-3 m at a depth of 3 km. Inclination/azimuth measurements from the UCPH logger have been used to calculate the true vertical depth of the borehole from the measured total slant length. UCPH/true vertical depth (m):3047.8 slant length (m):3056.5 USGS/true vertical depth (m):3047.9, slant length (m):3056.6
Comment:
GISP2 major ion concentrations in parts per billion (ppb) by mass. Blanks in chemical species represent samples below detection limits. Firn samples were cleaned in the freezer by hand scraping and placed in a pre-cleaned container. The pieces were kept frozen until analyzed. Samples from 96 meters to 200 meters were cleaned by rinsing with milli-Q water. Samples below 200 meters were cleaned by hand scraping after sectioning.
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1DEPTH, ice/snowDepth ice/snowmGeocode
2AGEAgeka BPGeocode
3Depth, top/minDepth topmMayewski, Paul A
4Depth, bottom/maxDepth botmMayewski, Paul A
5Age, minimum/youngAge minkaMayewski, Paul A
6Age, maximum/oldAge maxkaMayewski, Paul A
7Sodium-ionNa+µg/kgMayewski, Paul A
8Ammonium[NH4]+µg/kgMayewski, Paul A
9PotassiumK+µg/kgMayewski, Paul A
10MagnesiumMg2+µg/kgMayewski, Paul A
11CalciumCa2+µg/kgMayewski, Paul A
12ChlorideCl-µg/kgMayewski, Paul A
13Nitrate[NO3]-µg/kgMayewski, Paul A
14Sulfate[SO4]2-µg/kgMayewski, Paul A
Size:
26219 data points

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