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Hooghiemstra, Henry; Agwu, Chiori O C; Beug, Hans-Jürgen (1986): Pollen analysis of surface sediment off northwest Africa. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Hooghiemstra, H et al. (1986): Pollen and spore distribution in recent marine sediments: a record of NW-African seasonal wind patterns and vegetation belts. Meteor Forschungsergebnisse, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Reihe C Geologie und Geophysik, Gebrüder Bornträger, Berlin, Stuttgart, C40, 87-135

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Over 100 samples of recent surface sediments from the bottomn of the Atlantic Ocean offshore NW Africa between 34° and 6° N have been analysed palynologically. The objective of this study was to reveal the relation between source areas, transport systems, and resulting distribution patterns of pollen and spores in marine sediments off NW Africa, in order to lay a sound foundation for the interpretation of pollen records of marine cores from this area. The clear zonation of the NW-African vegetation (due to the distinct climatic gradient) is helpful in determining main source areas, and the presence of some major wind belts facilitates the registration of the average course of wind trajectories. The present circulation pattern is driven by the intertropical front (ITCZ) which shifts over the continent between c. 22° N (summer position) and c. 4° N (winter position) in the course of the year. Determination of the period of main pollen release and the average atmospheric circulation pattern effective at that time of the years is of prime importance.
The distribution patterns in recent marine sediments of pollen of a series of genera and families appear to record climatological/ecological variables, such as the trajectory of the NE trade, January trades, African Easterly Jet (Saharan Air Layer), the northernmost and southernmost position of the intertropical convergence zone, and the extent and latitudinal situation of the NW-African vegetation belt.
Pollen analysis of a series of dated deep-sea cores taken between c. 35° and the equator off NW African enable the construction of paleo-distribution maps for time slices of the past, forming a register of paleoclimatological/paleoecological information.
Median Latitude: 20.284756 * Median Longitude: -14.275955 * South-bound Latitude: 6.933000 * West-bound Longitude: -21.970000 * North-bound Latitude: 34.991667 * East-bound Longitude: -6.581667
Date/Time Start: 1971-01-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-01-18T00:00:00
GIK12301-5 * Latitude: 27.040000 * Longitude: -15.049000 * Date/Time: 1971-10-30T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2896.0 m * Location: East Atlantic * Campaign: M25 * Basis: Meteor (1964) * Method/Device: van Veen Grab (VGRAB)
GIK12306-4 * Latitude: 26.326667 * Longitude: -14.928333 * Date/Time: 1971-10-30T00:00:00 * Elevation: -709.0 m * Recovery: 0.2 m * Location: East Atlantic * Campaign: M25 * Basis: Meteor (1964) * Method/Device: Box corer (Reineck) (BCR)
GIK12308-3 * Latitude: 26.645000 * Longitude: -15.053333 * Date/Time: 1971-10-31T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2085.0 m * Recovery: 0.4 m * Location: East Atlantic * Campaign: M25 * Basis: Meteor (1964) * Method/Device: Box corer (Reineck) (BCR)
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