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Diester-Haass, Lieselotte (1983): Composition of the sand fraction of sediment cores from the West-African continental margin. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Diester-Haass, L (1983): Late Quaternary sedimentation processes on the West-African continental margin and climatic history of West-Africa (12-18° N). Meteor Forschungsergebnisse, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Reihe C Geologie und Geophysik, Gebrüder Bornträger, Berlin, Stuttgart, C37, 47-84

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Seven cores from the West African continental margin in 12-18° N have been investigated by means of a coarse fraction analysis.
Four of the seven cores contain allochthonous material: turbidites and debris flow deposits. The source of the allochthonous material is in about 300-600 m water depth. The age of the slide induced debris flow deposits is at the end of oxygen isotope stage 2. One debris flow deposit is covered by a turbidite (core GIK13211-1).
The turbidites in the deep-sea core GIK13207-3 originate from river-influenced sediments from the West-African continental margin, whereas the autochthonous sequences are influenced by volcanic material from the Cape Verde Islands.
Particle by particle supply from upper slope areas has been found in all four cores from the continental slope.
Current sorting occurs on the submarine diapir (core GIK13289-3), whereas core GIK13291-1 on the NW-flanc, 200 m below core GIK13289-3, has no current sorting, except for stage 1 and parts of stage 5. The current sorting is reflected by parallel variations of median diameters of whole tests and of fragments of planktonic foraminifers, by higher median diameters of foraminifers on top of the diapir, by reduced accumulation rates and increased sand fraction percentages in core GIK13289-3 compared to core GIK13291-1.
The Late Quarternary climatic history of the West-African near coastal area (12-18° N) has been redrawn:
- in oxygen isotope stage 1 a humid climate is found in 12-18° N (This "humid impression" in 18° N, which is actually an arid area, is due to the poleward directed undercurrent, which transports Senegal river material to the north).
- in oxygen isotope stage 2 an arid climate existed in 14-18° N, whereas in 12° N river discharfe persisted. But within stage 2 dune formation occured in 12° N on the (dry) shelf, additionally to fluviatile sediment input.
- Older periods are preserved in autochthonous sediments of core GIK13289-3 and GIK13291-1, where oxygen stage 3,5 and 7 (the latter only in core GIK13289-3 present) show a humid climate (as well as in stage 5 of core GIK13255-3), interrupted by short arid intervals in core GIK12389-3, and stage 4 and 6 show an arid climate, interrupted by short humid periods The allochthonous stage 5 sediment in core GIK13211-1 also reflects a humid climate.
The dissolution of planktonic foraminifers is strongest in th eLate Holocene and shows a minimum in the early Holocene, where also pteropods are preserved. The degree of carbonate dissolution is related mainly to the fine matter content (< 63 µm) whereas water depth is a less decisvive factor.
Median Latitude: 15.415452 * Median Longitude: -18.357519 * South-bound Latitude: 12.032667 * West-bound Longitude: -20.698667 * North-bound Latitude: 18.073167 * East-bound Longitude: -17.167333
Date/Time Start: 1975-01-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1975-08-06T00:00:00
GIK13207-3 * Latitude: 15.084500 * Longitude: -20.698667 * Date/Time: 1975-07-21T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4050.0 m * Recovery: 3.1 m * Location: Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: VA-10/3 * Basis: Valdivia (1961) * Device: Piston corer (Kiel type) (KOL)
GIK13211-1 * Latitude: 12.934500 * Longitude: -18.248333 * Date/Time: 1975-07-24T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3652.0 m * Recovery: 4.05 m * Location: Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: VA-10/3 * Basis: Valdivia (1961) * Device: Kasten corer (KAL)
GIK13218-1 * Latitude: 12.032667 * Longitude: -17.999167 * Date/Time: 1975-07-25T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3285.0 m * Recovery: 5.8 m * Location: Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: VA-10/3 * Basis: Valdivia (1961) * Device: Kasten corer (KAL)
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