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Rossignol-Strick, Martine; Duzer, Daniele (1979): Pollen abundance in Late Quaternary sediment cores off West Africa. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Rossignol-Strick, M; Duzer, D (1979): Late Quaternary pollen and dinoflagellate cysts in marine cores off West Africa. Meteor Forschungsergebnisse, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Reihe C Geologie und Geophysik, Gebrüder Bornträger, Berlin, Stuttgart, C30, 1-14

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The pollen record of three marine late Quaternary cores off Senegal shows a juxtaposition of Mediterranean, Northern Saharan, Central Saharan elements, which are considered transported by the trade winds from a winter-rainfall area, and Sahelian, Soudanese, Soudano-Guinean elements, considered transported both by winds and mostly by the Senegal River, and coming from the monsoonal, summer tropical rainfall area of southern West Africa. Littoral vegetation is either the edaphically dry and saline Chenopodiaceae from sebkhas at the time of the main regression, or the warm tropical humid mangrove with Rhizophora during the humid optimum period.
Four stratigraphic zones reflect, from basis to top:
Zone 4. A semi-arid period with a balanced pollen input.
Zone 3. A very arid period with the disappearance of monsoonal pollen, probably from the disappearance of the Senegal River, a very saline littoral plain with Chenopodiaceae, a larger input of northern Saharan pollen from intensified trade winds.
Zone 2. A quite humid period, much more so than today, very suddenly established, with a northward extension of the monsoonal areas, a rich littoral mangrove, and weakening of the trade winds.
Zone l. A slow and steady evolution toward the present semi-humid conditions with regression of the mangrove, and of the monsoonal areas toward the south.
Tentative datations and correlations with the Tchad area suggested: zone 4: 22,500 to 19,000 years BP; zone 3: 19,000 to 12,500 years BP; zone 2: 12,500 to 5,500 years BP; zone 1: 5,500 years BP to top of core.
Dinoflagellate cysts display a tropical assemblage with mostly estuarine neritic elements and also a weak oceanic component, mostly in the lower slope core 47. Cosmopolitan taxa dominate the assemblage and only a few species point to more specialized environments. Quantitative variations of the assemblage are the basis of stratigraphy which is not similar to the pollen stratigraphy, and an inshore-outshore gradient has to be taken into account to correlate the three cores.
Median Latitude: 15.582778 * Median Longitude: -17.509444 * South-bound Latitude: 15.443333 * West-bound Longitude: -17.861667 * North-bound Latitude: 15.825000 * East-bound Longitude: -17.306667
Date/Time Start: 1971-01-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1971-11-17T00:00:00
GIK12344-6 * Latitude: 15.443333 * Longitude: -17.306667 * Date/Time: 1971-01-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -625.0 m * Location: East Atlantic * Campaign: M25 * Basis: Meteor (1964) * Device: Kasten corer (KAL)
GIK12345-5 * Latitude: 15.480000 * Longitude: -17.360000 * Date/Time: 1971-11-17T00:00:00 * Elevation: -945.0 m * Recovery: 5.5 m * Location: East Atlantic * Campaign: M25 * Basis: Meteor (1964) * Device: Kasten corer (KAL)
GIK12347-2 * Latitude: 15.825000 * Longitude: -17.861667 * Date/Time: 1971-11-17T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2576.0 m * Recovery: 6 m * Location: East Atlantic * Campaign: M25 * Basis: Meteor (1964) * Device: Kasten corer (KAL) * Comment: offset to GIK12347-1 = 30 cm
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