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Diester-Haass, Lieselotte (1975): Distribution of benthos in late Quaternary turbidite layers of sediment cores from the North-West African continental margin. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Diester-Haass, L (1975): Sedimentation and climate in the Late Quarternary between Senegal and Cape Verde Islands. Meteor Forschungsergebnisse, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Reihe C Geologie und Geophysik, Gebrüder Bornträger, Berlin, Stuttgart, C20, 1-32

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The CaCO3-contents and the fractions > 40 µm have been analysed from 5 kastenloten, one piston core and two kastengreifer taken between Senegal and Cape Verde Islands. Numerous benthonic and planktonic organisms and different terrigenous components have been distinguished.
The four cores off Senegal reach middle Wuerm sediments; cores GIK12329-6 and TAG72-1 reach the V-zone and core GIK12331-4 the X-zone (Eem); the two kastengreifer contain sediments of Holocene age. Correlation of the cores has been made.
Holocene sedimentation rates decrease from the shallow cores (6-11 cm/1000 years) to the deep-sea (1-2 cm/1000 years).
The following climatic variations could be deduced from the sediments off the Senegal: during Holocene climate was in general as today, the Senegal river transporting fine grained material to the sea. The upper Wuerm was arid with no river influence but with red dune sand transported to the continental slope. During middle Wuerm the climate was humid again. The deep-sea cores have been influenced by eolian material from arid regions during glacial and interglacial periods, indicated by relatively high "Wuestenquarz-numbers". However, during Wuerm "Wuestenquarz-numbers" are higher than during Holocene and Eem, indicating that more intensely red coloured sediment was exposed to wind activity on the continent during this period. Varying amounts of terrigenous material and CaCO3-contents indicate varying wind strengths (lower in Holocene and Eem than during Wuerm). The boundary between humid and arid Wuerm climate was at approximately 20 °N.
Influence of upwelling is difficult to establish in the sediments off Senegal, because river influence, while increasing fertility also dilutes the diatoms which are typical for upwelling. High amounts of organic carbon, low plankton/benthos ratios of foraminifers and low plankton foraminifer/radiolarian ratios in Holocene sections might be interpreted as influenced by upwelling.
Turbidites occur in cores 72 and 31 and at the Holocene/Pleistocene boundary of core GIK12329-6. Their composition indicates provenance from the continental shelf of the Cape Verde Islands for core 31 and the continental shelf and slope off Senegal for core TAG72-1. Volcanic material, rare in the normal pelagic sediment of core GIK12331-4 is more frequent in the turbidites.
Median Latitude: 17.506678 * Median Longitude: -20.450000 * South-bound Latitude: 16.548333 * West-bound Longitude: -21.970000 * North-bound Latitude: 19.371700 * East-bound Longitude: -18.930000
Date/Time Start: 1971-11-09T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1971-11-11T00:00:00
GIK12329-6 * Latitude: 19.371700 * Longitude: -18.930000 * Date/Time: 1971-11-09T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3320.0 m * Recovery: 8.45 m * Location: East Atlantic * Campaign: M25 * Basis: Meteor (1964) * Device: Sphincter corer (SPC) * Comment: offset to GIK12329-4 = 9 cm
GIK12331-4 * Latitude: 16.548333 * Longitude: -21.970000 * Date/Time: 1971-11-11T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3569.0 m * Recovery: 3.05 m * Location: East Atlantic * Campaign: M25 * Basis: Meteor (1964) * Device: Sphincter corer (SPC)
TAG72-1 * Latitude: 16.600000 * Longitude: -20.450000 * Elevation: -3527.0 m * Campaign: TAG1972 (Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse 1972) * Basis: Discoverer (1966) * Device: Grab (GRAB)
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