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Müller, Peter J; Kirst, Georg; Ruhland, Götz; Von Storch, Isabel; Rosell-Melé, Antoni (1998): Alkenones and SST of surface sediments (Appendix). PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Müller, PJ et al. (1998): Calibration of the alkenone paleotemperature index UK'37 based on core-tops from the eastern South Atlantic and the global ocean (60°N-60°S). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 62(10), 1757-1772,

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We have analysed alkenones in 149 surface sediments from the eastern South Atlantic in order to establish a sediment-based calibration of the U37K' paleotemperature index. Our study covers the major tropical to subpolar production systems and sea-surface temperatures (SST's) between 0° and 27°C. In order to define the most suitable calibration for this region, the U37K' values were correlated to seasonal, annual, and production-weighted annual mean atlas temperatures and compared to previously published culture and core-top calibrations. The best linear correlation between U37K' and SST was obtained using annual mean SST from 0 to 10 m water depth (U37K' = 0.033 T + 0.069, r**2 = 0.981). Data scattering increased significantly using temperatures of waters deeper than 20 m, suggesting that U37K' reflects mixed-layer SST and that alkenone production at thermocline depths was not high enough to significantly bias the mixed-layer signal. Regressions based on both production-weighted and on actual annual mean atlas SST were virtually identical, indicating that regional variations in the seasonality of primary production have no discernible effect on the U37K' vs. SST relationship. Comparison with published core-top calibrations from other oceanic regions revealed a high degree of accordance. We, therefore, established a global core-top calibration using U37K' data from 370 sites between 60°S and 60°N in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans and annual mean atlas SST (0-29°C) from 0 m water depth. The resulting relationship (U37K' = 0.033 T + 0.044, r**2 = 958) is identical within error limits to the widely used E. huxleyi calibrations of and attesting their general applicability. The observation that core-top calibrations extending over various biogeographical coccolithophorid zones are strongly linear and in better accordance than culture calibrations suggests that U37K' is less species-dependent than is indicated by culture experiments. The results also suggest that variations in growth rate of algae and nutrient availability do not significantly affect the sedimentary record of U37K' in open ocean environments.
Median Latitude: -21.683893 * Median Longitude: 1.785973 * South-bound Latitude: -55.470000 * West-bound Longitude: -18.690000 * North-bound Latitude: 1.800000 * East-bound Longitude: 17.760000
Date/Time Start: 1988-02-20T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1996-01-16T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.005 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.050 m
GeoB1005-2 * Latitude: -6.235450 * Longitude: 11.502183 * Date/Time: 1988-02-20T00:00:00 * Elevation: -237.0 m * Penetration: 0.55 m * Recovery: 0.52 m * Location: Walvis Ridge * Campaign: M6/6 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Giant box corer (GKG) * Comment: Ton, olivgrüngrau, Forams.
GeoB1006-2 * Latitude: -6.285833 * Longitude: 11.301933 * Date/Time: 1988-02-20T00:00:00 * Elevation: -682.0 m * Penetration: 0.42 m * Recovery: 0.37 m * Location: Walvis Ridge * Campaign: M6/6 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Giant box corer (GKG) * Comment: Tonschlamm, oliv-braungrau
GeoB1007-2 * Latitude: -6.396183 * Longitude: 10.938100 * Date/Time: 1988-02-20T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1533.0 m * Penetration: 0.52 m * Recovery: 0.52 m * Location: Walvis Ridge * Campaign: M6/6 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Giant box corer (GKG) * Comment: Tonschlamm, grüngrau
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
3Event labelEvent
4Elevation of eventElevationm
5DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
6Alkenone, unsaturation index UK'37UK'37Müller, Peter JCalculated from C37 alkenones (Brassell et al., 1986)
7Sea surface temperature, annual meanSST (1-12)°CMüller, Peter Jsurface water 0-10 m
8Sea surface temperature, production weightedSST prod w°CMüller, Peter Jannual mean 0-10 m
447 data points

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