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Ehrmann, Werner (1998): Clay mineralogy of sediment core CRP-1. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.54627, Supplement to: Ehrmann, W (1998): Lower Miocene and Quaternary clay mineral assemblages from CRP-1. Terra Antartica, 5(3), 613-619, hdl:10013/epic.28348.d001

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Abstract:
Clay mineral assemblages in lower Miocene and Quaternary sediments recovered at the CRP-1 drillsite, McMurdo Sound shelf, Antarctica, were analysed in order to reconstruct source areas of the sediments and late Cenozoic Antarctic icedynamics. The assemblages are dominated by smectite, illite and chlorite. Kaolinite occurs in trace amounts only. The lower part of the drillcore, below c. 70 mbsf, is characterised by high illite and chlorite, but low smectite concentrations. This assemblage is typical of a source consisting mainly of granitic and metamorphic rocks, such as are widespread in the Transantarctic Mountains and on the East Antarctic craton. In contrast, the upper c. 70 mbsf of the core is characterised by three intervals with high smectite, but low illite and chlorite concentrations at around 59, 45 and 33 mbsf. The smectite-rich assemblage is typical of a hinterland composed of volcanic rocks, such as are found in the region of the present-day Ross Ice Shelf. The clay minerals are mainly detrital and therefore document the changing influence of different source areas through time. Correlation of the clay mineral record of CRP-1 with that of the CIROS-1 and MSSTS-1 cores implies that the oldest sediments at CRP-1 are younger than 21.8 Ma, and that there is no overlap between CRP-l and the other cores.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Latitude: -77.007580 * Longitude: 163.755080
Date/Time Start: 1997-10-17T01:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-10-24T02:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 19.43 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 147.01 m
Event(s):
CRP-1 (16 km ENE Cape Roberts) * Latitude: -77.007580 * Longitude: 163.755080 * Date/Time Start: 1997-10-17T01:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-10-24T02:00:00 * Elevation: -153.5 m * Penetration: 132.06 m * Recovery: 113.32 m * Location: off Cape Roberts, Ross Sea, Antarctica * Campaign: CRP-1 * Basis: Sampling/drilling ice * Device: Core wireline system (CWS) * Comment: sea ice thickness: 1.60 m, recovery 86 %. Age and lithology of oldest strata: 22-24 Ma; mudstone with scattered pebbles.
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
2Size fraction < 0.002 mm, > 9 phi, clay<2 µm, >9 phi%Ehrmann, WernerGrain size, sieving/settling tube
3SmectiteSme%Ehrmann, WernerX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fraction
4IlliteIll%Ehrmann, WernerX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fraction
5ChloriteChl%Ehrmann, WernerX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fraction
6KaoliniteKln%Ehrmann, WernerX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fraction
7Smectite, integral widthSmec IWd2ThetaEhrmann, WernerX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fraction
8Illite, integral widthIll IWd2ThetaEhrmann, WernerX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fraction
9Illite 5Å/10Å Esquevin-indexIll EIEhrmann, WernerX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fraction
10Illite position 10ÅIll 10ÅÅEhrmann, WernerX-ray diffraction TEXTUR, clay fraction
Size:
630 data points

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