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Pflaumann, Uwe; Duprat, Josette M; Pujol, Claude; Labeyrie, Laurent D (1996): Distribution of planktic foraminifera in surface sediments of the Atlantic Ocean [dataset]. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Pflaumann, U et al. (1996): SIMMAX: A modern analog technique to deduce Atlantic sea surface temperatures from planktonic foraminifera in deep-sea sediments. Paleoceanography, 11(1), 15-36,

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We present a data set of 738 planktonic foraminiferal species counts from sediment surface samples of the eastern North Atlantic and the South Atlantic between 87°N and 40°S, 35°E and 60°W including published Climate: Long-Range Investigation, Mapping, and Prediction (CLIMAP) data. These species counts are linked to Levitus's [1982] modern water temperature data for the four caloric seasons, four depth ranges (0, 30, 50, and 75 m), and the combined means of those depth ranges. The relation between planktonic foraminiferal assemblages and sea surface temperature (SST) data is estimated using the newly developed SIMMAX technique, which is an acronym for a modern analog technique (MAT) with a similarity index, based on (1) the scalar product of the normalized faunal percentages and (2) a weighting procedure of the modern analog's SSTs according to the inverse geographical distances of the most similar samples. Compared to the classical CLIMAP transfer technique and conventional MAT techniques, SIMMAX provides a more confident reconstruction of paleo-SSTs (correlation coefficient is 0.994 for the caloric winter and 0.993 for caloric summer). The standard deviation of the residuals is 0.90°C for caloric winter and 0.96°C for caloric summer at 0-m water depth. The SST estimates reach optimum stability (standard deviation of the residuals is 0.88°C) at the average 0– to 75-m water depth. Our extensive database provides SST estimates over a range of -1.4 to 27.2°C for caloric winter and 0.4 to 28.6°C for caloric summer, allowing SST estimates which are especially valuable for the high-latitude Atlantic during glacial times.
Barcelona Coast; Cork Harbour; Danube Delta; Danube Delta Coast; Guadiana Estuary; Gulf of Riga; Himmerfjarden; Limfjorden; Oder Estuary; Pertuis Charentais; Scheldt Delta Estuary; Taranto Mare Piccolo; Thau Lagoon; Thermaikos Gulf
Further details:
Pflaumann, Uwe (1996): Source code of SIMMAX28 software for paleotemperature calculations from planktonic foraminifera assemblages [dataset]. PANGAEA,
Median Latitude: 27.318100 * Median Longitude: -15.686497 * South-bound Latitude: -39.820000 * West-bound Longitude: -69.500000 * North-bound Latitude: 85.390000 * East-bound Longitude: 30.850000
Date/Time Start: 1953-07-30T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1992-07-21T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: m
A152-84 * Latitude: 44.349800 * Longitude: -30.267000 * Date/Time: 1960-01-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2750.0 m * Campaign: A150/180 * Method/Device: Piston corer (PC) * Comment: Project/Cruise uncertain
A153-154 * Latitude: 28.000000 * Longitude: -38.783000 * Date/Time: 1960-01-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4020.0 m * Location: Atlantic * Campaign: A150/180 * Method/Device: Piston corer (PC) * Comment: Project/Cruise uncertain
A157-3 * Latitude: 50.933200 * Longitude: -41.750000 * Date/Time: 1960-01-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4025.0 m * Campaign: A150/180 * Method/Device: Piston corer (PC) * Comment: Project/Cruise uncertain
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEvent
2Date/Time of eventDate/Time
5Elevation of eventElevationm
6DEPTH, sediment/rockDepth sedmGeocode
7Globigerinella aequilateralisG. aequilateralis%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
8Globigerina bulloidesG. bulloides%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
9Globigerinella calidaG. calida%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
10Globigerinoides conglobatusG. conglobatus%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
11Globorotalia crassaformisG. crassaformis%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
12Sphaeroidinella dehiscensS. dehiscens%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
13Globigerina digitataG. digitata%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
14Globoquadrina dutertreiG. dutertrei%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
15Globigerina falconensisG. falconensis%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
16Globigerinita glutinataG. glutinata%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
17Globorotalia hirsutaG. hirsuta%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
18Globorotalia inflataG. inflata%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
19Pulleniatina obliquiloculataP. obliquiloculata%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
20Neogloboquadrina pachyderma sinistralN. pachyderma s%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
21Neogloboquadrina pachyderma dextral and dutertrei integradeP/D int%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
22Globigerina quinquelobaG. quinqueloba%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
23Globigerinoides ruber pinkG. ruber p%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
24Globigerinoides ruber whiteG. ruber w%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
25Globoturborotalita rubescensG. rubescens%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
26Globigerinoides trilobus trilobusG. trilobus tril%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
27Globigerinoides trilobus sacculiferG. trilobus sac%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
28Globorotalia cultrataG. cultrata%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fractionincluding G. tumida
29Globorotalia scitulaG. scitula%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
30Globigerinoides tenellusG. tenellus%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
31Globorotalia truncatulinoides sinistralG. truncatulinoides s%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
32Orbulina universaO. universa%Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
33Foraminifera, plankticForam plankt#Pflaumann, UweCounting >150 µm fraction
34Sample code/labelSample labelPflaumann, UweEvent label as given by the PI
35CommentCommentPflaumann, Uwe
21402 data points

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