Setti, Massimo; Marinoni, L; Lopez-Galindo, A (2001): (Table 1) Average composition of smectites of sediment core CRP-3. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.484702,hdl:10013/epic.28222.d001Supplement to: Setti, M et al. (2001): Crystal-chemistry of smectites in sediments of CRP-3 drillcore (Victoria Land Basin, Antarctica): preliminary results. Terra Antartica, 8(4), 543-550,
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The aim of this work is to evaluate the origin of smectites in sediments of CRP-3 core (Victoria Land Basin, Antarctica), through TEM observations and microanalyses on smectite microparticles and XRD analyses of clay fractions. Smectites in the lower sedimentary section (between 602.05 and 815.86 mbsf), and in some levels of the central section of the core, are intermediate members of the beidellite-saponite series, with lower K and higher Mg contents in interlayer and higher cristallinity values. The clay fraction largely consists of smectite, that is regarded as authigenic. Smectites in the upper (between 6.60 and 101.69 mbsf) and in some other levels of the central section of the core are Al-Fe beidellites, with higher K and lower Mg contents in interlayer sites and lower values of crystallinity. In the clay fraction illite and chlorite also occur. These characteristics suggest that smectites in these sediments are detrital. Smectites in an igneous body (between 901.20 and 919.06 mbsf) have a homogeneous composition and are Al-rich beidellite-montmorillonites; the clay fraction is mostly composed by kaolinite with mixed-layer smectite-illite or kaolinite-smectite. Authigenic smectites probably formed from the alteration of volcanic material (pyroxenes, glasses) and/or through precipitation from fluids of possible hydrothermal origin.
Latitude: -77.006000 * Longitude: 163.719000
Date/Time Start: 1999-10-09T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-11-19T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 6.60 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 919.06 m
CRP-3 * Latitude: -77.006000 * Longitude: 163.719000 * Date/Time Start: 1999-10-09T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-11-19T00:00:00 * Elevation: -295.0 m * Penetration: 939 m * Recovery: 936 m * Location: Ross Sea * Campaign: CRP-3 * Basis: Sampling/drilling from ice * Device: Core wireline system (CWS) * Comment: 11.76 km at 76° true from Cape Roberts, 2.04 km at 225° true from CRP-2. Fast ice thickness: 2.0 to 2.2 m. Sea rise embedded to 9.55 mbsf. Lateral ice movement from spudding 5.0 m to 82° true. HQ core to 345.85 mbsf. NQ core to 939.42 mbsf. Core recovery 97%. Phase 1 logging to 345 mbsf, Phase 2 logging to 773 mbsf, Phase 3 logging to 918 mbsf. Deepest Cenozoic lithology and depth: sandstone breccia from 822.87 to 823.11 mbsf. Age of oldest Cenozoic strata: earliest Oligocene or latest Eocene. Deepest core lithology and depth: light red-brown quartz-cemented quartz sandstone to 939.42 mbsf. Age of bedrock: (mid?) Devonian.
Atomic formula calculated on the basis of O = 10 and OH = 2.
|#||Name||Short Name||Unit||Principal Investigator||Method||Comment|
|2||Silicon||Si||# of ions||Setti, Massimo||Tetrahedral sheet|
|3||Aluminium (IV)||Al(IV)||# of ions||Setti, Massimo||Tetrahedral sheet|
|4||Aluminium (VI)||Al(VI)||# of ions||Setti, Massimo||Octahedral sheet|
|5||Magnesium (VI)||Mg(VI)||# of ions||Setti, Massimo||Octahedral sheet|
|6||Iron 3+||Fe3+||# of ions||Setti, Massimo||Octahedral sheet|
|7||Titanium||Ti||# of ions||Setti, Massimo||Octahedral sheet|
|8||Potassium||K||# of ions||Setti, Massimo||Interlayer|
|9||Calcium||Ca||# of ions||Setti, Massimo||Interlayer|
|10||Magnesium||Mg||# of ions||Setti, Massimo||Interlayer|
180 data points