Stein, Ruediger; Boucsein, Bettina; Meyer, Hanno (2006): Bulk sedimentology from Sites M0002 and M0004 of the ACEX (Exp302) expedition to the Arctic Ocean. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.476007, Supplement to: Stein, R et al. (2006): Anoxia and high primary production in the Paleogene central Arctic Ocean: first detailed records from Lomonosov Ridge. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L18606, doi:10.1029/2006GL026776
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Except for a few discontinuous fragments of the Late Cretaceous/Early Cenozoic climate history and depositional environment, the paleoenvironmental evolution of the pre-Neogene central Arctic Ocean was virtually unknown prior to the IODP Expedition 302 (Arctic Ocean Coring Expedition - ACEX) drilling campaign on Lomonosov Ridge in 2004. Here we present detailed organic carbon (OC) records from the entire ca. 200 m thick Paleogene OC-rich section of the ACEX drill sites. These records indicate euxinic "Black Sea-type" conditions favorable for the preservation of labile aquatic (marine algae-type) OC occur throughout the upper part of the early Eocene and the middle Eocene, explained by salinity stratification due to freshwater discharge. The superimposed short-term ("Milankovitch-type") variability in amount and composition of OC is related to changes in primary production and terrigenous input. Prominent early Eocene events of algae-type OC preservation coincide with global d13C events such as the PETM and Elmo events. The Elmo d13C Event has been identified in the Arctic Ocean for the first time.
Median Latitude: 87.884907 * Median Longitude: 137.238980 * South-bound Latitude: 87.866580 * West-bound Longitude: 136.174580 * North-bound Latitude: 87.921180 * East-bound Longitude: 139.365010
Date/Time Start: 2004-08-19T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2004-09-02T00:00:00
302-M0002A (ACEX-M2A) * Latitude: 87.921180 * Longitude: 139.365010 * Date/Time: 2004-08-19T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1209.0 m * Penetration: 270.1 m * Recovery: 214.68 m * Location: Arctic Ocean * Campaign: Exp302 (Arctic Coring Expedition, ACEX) * Basis: Vidar Viking * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL)
302-M0004A (ACEX-M4A) * Latitude: 87.866580 * Longitude: 136.177350 * Date/Time: 2004-08-27T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1287.9 m * Penetration: 427.9 m * Recovery: 85.91 m * Location: Arctic Ocean * Campaign: Exp302 (Arctic Coring Expedition, ACEX) * Basis: Vidar Viking * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL)