Goldberg, Edward D; Griffin, John J (1970): Mineralogy of northern Indian Ocean surface sediments and of suspended sediments of Indian rivers (Table 2 and 5). PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.407959, Supplement to: Goldberg, ED; Griffin, JJ (1970): The sediments of the northern Indian Ocean. Deep-Sea Research and Oceanographic Abstracts, 17(3), 513-537, https://doi.org/10.1016/0011-7471(70)90065-3
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The solid phases from surface sediments, atmospheric dusts, and rivers of the Indian Ocean environment have been analyzed for their clay minerals and quartz. Such data have been used to delimit the transport paths and sources of the detrital minerals in the oceanic deposits. Diagnostic in distinguishing fluvial and eolian inputs to the northern Indian Ocean is a combination of the clay mineral assemblages and of their geographic distributions.
River borne solids are the primary components of the Bay of Bengal deposits. The eastern part receives its continental input through the Ganges-Brahmaputra river system, while drainage of the Indian Peninsula by rivers introduces solids to the western part. The former materials are characterized by high illite and chlorite in the clay mineral assemblages; the latter by montmorillonite. The winds over the Bay bear distinctive dust burdens based upon their directions. However, their contributions to the sediments are insignificant.
The eastern sector of the Arabian Sea receives major contributions of continental debris from the rivers and the high montmorillonite levels clearly indicate a source in the Indian Peninsula. The rest of the Sea appears to receive most of its land-derived materials from the north, perhaps the desert regions of northern India and West Pakistan, and they are wind-borne. These materials are also transported to the equatorial regions of the Indian Ocean.
A gradient in attapulgite, just north of the equator, may indicate an eolian contribution to the Arabian Sea from the African continent.
The halogenated hydrocarbon pesticides were assayed in the southwest monsoon winds and enter the Bay of Bengal at levels of a half ton per month, an amount comparable to those introduced by other wind and river systems to the marine environment.
Median Latitude: 15.624285 * Median Longitude: 75.176807 * South-bound Latitude: 1.275000 * West-bound Longitude: 47.117000 * North-bound Latitude: 24.500000 * East-bound Longitude: 94.367000
Date/Time Start: 1962-09-21T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1962-09-29T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0 m
Ahmedabad (116) * Latitude: 23.080000 * Longitude: 72.630000 * Elevation: 50.0 m * Location: Sabarmat, India, Asia * Campaign: Global River Discharge * Method/Device: River gauging station (RGS) * Comment: Area: 12950 km**2; Mapcode of UNESCO report: F6
CIRCE-21 * Latitude: 11.383000 * Longitude: 87.783000 * Elevation: -3308.0 m * Location: Bay of Bengal * Campaign: CIRCE * Basis: Melville * Method/Device: Gravity corer (GC)
CIRCE-22 * Latitude: 11.418300 * Longitude: 83.816700 * Elevation: -3456.0 m * Location: Bay of Bengal * Campaign: CIRCE * Basis: Melville * Method/Device: Gravity corer (GC)
|#||Name||Short Name||Unit||Principal Investigator||Method/Device||Comment|
|2||Sample code/label||Sample label||Goldberg, Edward D|
|3||Latitude of event||Latitude|
|4||Longitude of event||Longitude|
|5||Elevation of event||Elevation||m|
|6||DEPTH, sediment/rock||Depth sed||m||Geocode|
|7||Montmorillonite||Mnt||%||Goldberg, Edward D||in <2 µm fraction|
|8||Illite||Ill||%||Goldberg, Edward D||in <2 µm fraction|
|9||Kaolinite+Chlorite||Kln+Chl||%||Goldberg, Edward D||in <2 µm fraction|
|10||Kaolinite||Kln||%||Goldberg, Edward D||in <2 µm fraction|
|11||Chlorite||Chl||%||Goldberg, Edward D||in <2 µm fraction|
|12||Quartz||Qz||%||Goldberg, Edward D||in carbonate free sediment|
|13||Quartz||Qz||%||Goldberg, Edward D||in total sample|
345 data points