Damm, Ellen; Mackensen, Andreas; Budéus, Gereon; Faber, Eckhard; Hanfland, Claudia (2005): Radon 222 excess measured on water bottle samples during HEINCKE cruise HE153. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.323819, Supplement to: Damm, E et al. (2005): Pathways of methane in seawater: Plume spreading in an Arctic shelf environment (SW-Spitsbergen). Continental Shelf Research, 25(12-13), 1453-1472, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2005.03.003
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In the years 2000 and 2001 we measured methane concentrations exceeding up to two orders of magnitude the equilibrium with the atmosphere in the water column on the SW-Spitsbergen continental shelf. This methane anomaly extended from its centre on the shelf westwards over the upper slope and eastwards well into the inner basins of the two southernmost Spitsbergen fjords, the Hornsundfjord and the van Mijenfjord. Methane concentrations and stable carbon isotopic ratios varied between 2 and 240 nM, and between -53 per mill and -20 per mill VPDB, respectively. Methane in high concentrations was depleted in 13C whereas in low concentrations d13CCH4 values were highly variable.
On the continental shelf we found that methane discharged from seeps on top of sandy and gravelly banks is isotopically heavier than methane escaping from troughs filled with silty and clayey sediments. These distinct isotopic signatures suggest that methane is gently released from several inter-granular seepages or micro-seepages widely spread over the shelf. A potential migration path for thermogenic or hydrate methane may be the Hornsund Fracture Zone, a south-north running reactivated fault system created by stretching of the continental crust.
After discharge into the water column, local water currents fed by Atlantic water, coastal water, and freshwater outflows from the fjords further determine pathways and fate of the methane. We used d18Owater and 222Rn data to trace origin and advection of the local water masses and water mixing processes. Methane spreads predominantly along pycnoclines and by vertical mixing. During transport methane is influenced simultaneously by oxidation and dilution, as well as loss into the atmosphere. Together these processes cause the spatial variability of the anomaly and heterogeneity in d13CCH4 in this polar shelf environment.
Median Latitude: 77.508750 * Median Longitude: 14.362500 * South-bound Latitude: 76.720000 * West-bound Longitude: 11.900000 * North-bound Latitude: 77.870000 * East-bound Longitude: 16.730000
Date/Time Start: 2001-09-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2001-09-06T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: 5 m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 402 m
HE153/1247-1 * Latitude: 76.720000 * Longitude: 13.300000 * Date/Time: 2001-09-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -431.0 m * Campaign: HE153 * Basis: Heincke * Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO) * Comment: Section 3
HE153/1249-1 * Latitude: 76.930000 * Longitude: 15.250000 * Date/Time: 2001-09-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -154.0 m * Campaign: HE153 * Basis: Heincke * Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO) * Comment: Section 3
|#||Name||Short Name||Unit||Principal Investigator||Method||Comment|
|2||Date/Time of event||Date/Time|
|3||Latitude of event||Latitude|
|4||Longitude of event||Longitude|
|5||Elevation of event||Elevation||m|
|6||DEPTH, water||Depth water||m||Geocode|
|7||Radon 222 excess||222Rn xs||dpm/100 kg||Hanfland, Claudia||Alpha-scintillation|
|8||Radon 222 excess, standard deviation||222Rn xs std dev||±||Hanfland, Claudia||Alpha-scintillation|
46 data points