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Thiede, Jörn (1977): Percentages of sand-sized material and biogenic components in sediment core GIK12392-1. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Thiede, Jörn; Suess, Erwin; Müller, Peter J (1982): Late Quaternary fluxes of major sediment components to the sea floor at the northwest African continental slope. in: von Rad, U; Hinz, K; Sarnthein, M & Seibold, E (eds.), Geology of the Northwest African Continental Margin, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 605-631

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The paleo-oceanography of the southeastern North Atlantic Ocean during the last 150,000 yr has been studied using biogenous and terrigenous components of hemipelagic sediments sampled close to the northwest African continental margin. Variations of oxygen isotope ratios in shells of benthic calcareous foraminifers in two cores allow the assignment of absolute ages to these cores (in the best case at 1000 yr increments). The uncorrected bulk sedimentation rates of the longest core range from 3.4 to 7.6 cm/ 1000 yr during Interglacial conditions, and from 6.5 to 9.9 cm/1000 yr during Glacial conditions; all other cores have given results of the same order of magnitude, but with generally increasing values towards the continental edge.
The distribution of sediment components allow us to make inferences about paleo-oceanographic changes in this region. Frequencies of biogenic components from benthic organisms, oxygen isotope ratios measured in benthic calcareous foraminiferal shells, the total carbonate contents of the sediment and distributions of biogenic components from planktonic organisms often fluctuate in concert. However, all fluctuations which can be attributed to changes of the bottom water masses (North Atlantic Deep Water) seem to precede by several thousand years those which can be linked to changes of the surface water mass distributions or to changes of the climate over the neighboring land masses.
Late Quaternary planktonic foraminiferal assemblages in the cores from the northwest African continental margin can be defined satisfactorily in the way that distributions of assemblages found in sediment surface samples from the northeast Atlantic Ocean have been explained. The distributions of assemblages in the northwest African cores can also be used to estimate past sea surface temperatures and salinities. The downcore record of these estimates reveals two warm periods during the last 150,000 yr, the lower one corresponding to the oxygen isotope stage 5 e (equivalent to the Eemian proper in Europe), the upper one to the younger half of the Holocene. Winter surface water temperatures during oxygen isotope stages 6, 4, 3, and 2 are remarkably constant in most cores, while summer sea surface temperatures during stage 3 reach values comparable to those of the warm periods during the Late Holocene and Eemian. Estimated winter sea surface temperatures range from > 16 °C to < 11°C, the summer sea surface temperatures from > 22 °C to < 15 °C during the last 150,000 yr. Estimates of the winter sea surface salinities fluctuate between 36.6‰ and 35.5‰, the higher values being restricted to the warm periods since the penultimate Glacial. Estimates for sea surface temperatures and salinities for two cores from the center of today's coastal upwelling region show less pronounced fluctuations than the record of the open ocean cores in the case of the station 12379 off Cape Barbas, more pronounced in the case of station 12328 off Cape Blanc. Seasonal differences between winter and summer sea surface temperatures derived from the estimated temperatures are today more pronounced in the boundary region of the ocean to the continent than further away from the continent. The differences are generally higher during warm climatic periods of the last 150,000 yr than during cooler ones.
The abundance of terrigenous grains in the coarse fractions generally decreases with increasing distance from the continental edge, and also from south to north. The dominant portion of the terrigenous detritus is carried out into the ocean during the relatively cool climatic periods (stage 6, 4, later part of stage 3, stage 2 and oldest part of stage 1). The enhanced precision of dating combined with the stratigraphic resolution of these high deposition rate cores make it clear that the peaks of the terrigenous input off this part of the northwest African continental margin occur simultaneously with times of rapid sea level fluctuations resulting from large volume changes of the large Glacial ice sheets.
Related to:
Thiede, Jörn (1977): Aspects of variability of the Glacial and Interglacial North Atlantic eastern boundary current (last 150,000 years). Meteor Forschungsergebnisse, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Reihe C Geologie und Geophysik, Gebrüder Bornträger, Berlin, Stuttgart, C28, 1-36
Latitude: 25.171667 * Longitude: -16.845000
Date/Time Start: 1971-12-03T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1971-12-03T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.000 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 9.630 m
GIK12392-1 (M12392-1) * Latitude: 25.171667 * Longitude: -16.845000 * Date/Time: 1971-12-03T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2575.0 m * Recovery: 9.5 m * Location: East Atlantic * Campaign: M25 * Basis: Meteor (1964) * Method/Device: Kasten corer (KAL)
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepth sedmGeocode
2Size fraction > 0.063 mm, sand>63 µm%Thiede, Jörnweight percent of bulk sediment
3Size fraction > 0.150 mm>150 µm%Thiede, Jörnweight percent of total sand fraction
4Foraminifera, plankticForam plankt%Thiede, JörnCoarse fraction/modal analysispercent of total grain assemblage
5RadiolariansRad%Thiede, JörnCoarse fraction/modal analysispercent of total grain assemblage
6Foraminifera, benthicForam benth%Thiede, JörnCoarse fraction/modal analysispercent of total grain assemblage
7Loss by dissolutionLBD%Thiede, JörnEstimatedloss of CaCO3
8Foraminifera, planktic indeterminataForam plankt indet%Thiede, Jörndissolution resistent foraminifera in percent of total planktonic fauna
688 data points

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