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Roth-Nebelsick, Anita; Utescher, Torsten; Mosbrugger, Volker; Diester-Haass, Lieselotte; Walther, Harald (2004): Eocene to Early Miocene palaeoclimate of Saxony, Germany (Table 4). PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Roth-Nebelsick, A et al. (2004): Changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations and climate from the Late Eocene to Early Miocene: palaeobotanical reconstruction based on fossil floras from Saxony, Germany. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 205(1-2), 43-67,

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In the present study, proxy data concerning changes in atmospheric CO2 and climatic conditions from the Late Eocene to the Early Miocene were acquired by applying palaeobotanical methods. Fossil floras from 10 well-documented locations in Saxony, Germany, were investigated with respect to (1) stomatal density/index of fossil leaves from three different taxa (Eotrigonobalanus furcinervis, Laurophyllum pseudoprinceps and Laurophyllum acutimontanum), (2) the coexistence approach (CA) based on nearest living relatives (NLR) and (3) leaf margin analysis (LMA). Whereas the results of approach (1) indicate changes in atmospheric CO2 concentration, approaches (2) and (3) provide climate data. The results of the analysis of stomatal parameters indicate that the atmospheric CO2 concentration was higher during the Late Eocene than during the Early Oligocene and increased towards the Late Oligocene. A lower atmospheric pCO2 level after the Late Eocene is also suggested by an increase in marine palaeoproductivity at this time. From the Late Oligocene onwards, no changes in atmospheric CO2 concentration can be detected with the present data. For the considered sites, the results of the coexistence approach and of the leaf margin analysis document a significant cooling event from the Late Eocene to the Early Oligocene. The pCO2 decrease from the Late Eocene to the Early Oligocene indicated by the stomatal data raised in this study was thus coupled to a temperature decrease which is reflected by the present datasets. From the Early Oligocene onwards, however, no further fundamental climate change can be inferred for the considered locations. The pCO2 increase from the Early Oligocene to the Late Oligocene, which is indicated by the present data, is thus not accompanied by a climate change at the considered sites. A warming event during the Late Oligocene is, however, recorded by marine climate archives. According to the present data, no change in pCO2 occurred during the cooling event at the Oligocene/Miocene boundary, which is also indicated by marine data. The quality and validity of stomatal parameters as sensors for atmospheric CO2 concentration are discussed.
Median Latitude: 51.250833 * Median Longitude: 12.598917 * South-bound Latitude: 51.070000 * West-bound Longitude: 12.280000 * North-bound Latitude: 51.683000 * East-bound Longitude: 14.460000
Beucha * Latitude: 51.330000 * Longitude: 12.550000 * Elevation: 150.0 m * Location: Germany, Saxony * Campaign: NECLIME_campaign
Bitterfeld * Latitude: 51.617000 * Longitude: 12.317000 * Elevation: 80.0 m * Location: Germany, Saxony-Anhalt * Campaign: NECLIME_campaign
Bockwitz * Latitude: 51.130000 * Longitude: 12.470000 * Elevation: 150.0 m * Location: Germany, Saxony * Campaign: NECLIME_campaign
172 data points

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