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Bianchi, Micheline; Fosset, Christine; Conan, Pascal (1999): Nitrification rates in the NW Mediterranean Sea [dataset]. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Bianchi, M et al. (1999): Nitrification rates in the NW Mediterranean Sea. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 17(3), 267-278,

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During spring, ammonium oxidation and nitrite oxidation rates were measured in the NW basin of the Mediterranean Sea, from mesotrophic sites (Ligurian Sea and Gulf of Lions) to oligotrophic sites (Balearic Islands). Nitrification rates (average values for 37 measurements) ranged from 72 to 144 nmol of N oxidised/l/d, except in the Rhône River plume area where the rates increased to 264-504 nmol/l/d because of the riverine inputs of nitrogen. Maximal rates were located around the peak of nitrite within the nitracline at about 40 to 60 m and just above the phosphacline. At 1 station, relatively high values of nitrification (50 to 130 nmol/l/d) were also measured deep in the water column (240 m). Day-to-day variations were measured demonstrating the response within a few hours to hydrological stress (wind-induced mixing of the water column) and showing the role of hydrological characteristics on the distribution of nitrification rates. Because of the homogenous temperature (13°C) in the Mediterranean Sea, the spatial (geographical and vertical) fluctuations of nitrifying rates were linked to the presence of substrate due to mineralisation processes and/or Rhône River inputs. We estimate the contribution of nitrate produced by nitrification to the N demand of phytoplankton to range from 16% at mesotrophic to 61% at oligotrophic stations.
Median Latitude: 43.252299 * Median Longitude: 7.517365 * South-bound Latitude: 43.249990 * West-bound Longitude: 7.512090 * North-bound Latitude: 43.255870 * East-bound Longitude: 7.519720
Date/Time Start: 1995-05-11T09:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-06-01T01:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: 50 m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 50 m
DYNAPROC_107 * Latitude: 43.251900 * Longitude: 7.516580 * Date/Time: 1995-05-11T10:00:00 * Campaign: DYNAPROC * Basis: Le Suroît * Method/Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO)
DYNAPROC_110 * Latitude: 43.252960 * Longitude: 7.519720 * Date/Time: 1995-05-11T22:03:00 * Campaign: DYNAPROC * Basis: Le Suroît * Method/Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO)
DYNAPROC_115 * Latitude: 43.251860 * Longitude: 7.517680 * Date/Time: 1995-05-12T08:40:00 * Campaign: DYNAPROC * Basis: Le Suroît * Method/Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO)
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEvent
2Latitude of eventLatitude
3Longitude of eventLongitude
5DEPTH, waterDepth watermGeocode
6Ammonium uptake rate[NH4]+ upt ratenmol/l/hBianchi, MichelineCalculated, see reference(s)
7Nitrite uptake rate[NO2]- upt ratenmol/l/hBianchi, MichelineCalculated, see reference(s)
30 data points

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