**Weinheimer, Amy L (2002):** (Table T1) Abundance of radiolarian skeletons in scrape samples of ODP Hole 178-1098B. *PANGAEA*, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.142770,
*Supplement to:* Weinheimer, AL (2002): Data report: Radiolarians in sediments from Palmer Deep, Antarctica, Leg 178, Site 1098. *In: Barker, PF; Camerlenghi, A; Acton, GD; Ramsay, ATS (eds.) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program)*, **178**, 1-14, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.178.221.2002

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Abstract:

Palmer Deep is a series of three glacially overdeepened basins on the Antarctic Peninsula shelf, ~20 km southwest of Anvers Island. Site 1098 (64°51.72'S, 64°12.48'W) was drilled in the shallowest basin, Basin I, at 1012 m water depth. The sediment recovered was primarily laminated, siliceous, biogenic, pelagic muds alternating with siliciclastic hemipelagic sediments (Barker, Camerlenghi, Acton, et al., 1999). Sedimentation rates of 0.1725 cm/yr in the upper 25 m and 0.7-0.80 cm/yr in the lower 25 m of the core have been estimated from 14C (Domack et al., 2001). The oldest datable sediments have an age of ~13 ka and were underlain by diamicton sediments of the last glacial maximum (Domack et al., 2001).

The large-scale water-mass distribution and circulation in the vicinity of Palmer Deep is dominated by Circumpolar Deep Water (CDW) below 200 m (Hofmann et al., 1996). Palmer Deep is too far from the coast to be influenced by glacial meltwater and cold-tongue generation associated with it (Domack and Williams, 1990; Dixon and Domack, 1991). Circulation patterns in the Palmer Deep area are not well understood, but evidence suggests southward flow across Palmer Deep from Anvers Island to Renaud Island (Kock and Stein, 1978). The water south of Anvers Island is nearly open with loose pack ice from February through May. The area is covered with sea ice beginning in June (Gloersen et al., 1992; Leventer et al., 1996).

Micropaleontologic data from the work of Leventer et al. (1996) on a 9-m piston core has revealed circulation and climate patterns for the past 3700 yr in the Palmer Deep. The benthic foraminifer assemblage is dominated by two taxa, Bulimina aculeata and Bolivina pseudopunctata, which are inversely related. High relative abundances of B. aculeata occur cyclically over a period of ~230 yr. The assemblage associated with high abundance of B. aculeata in Palmer Deep resembles that from the Bellingshausen shelf, which is associated with CDW. In addition to the faunal evidence, hydrographic data indicate incursions of CDW into Palmer Deep (Leventer et al., 1996). A distinctive diatom assemblage dominated by a single genus was associated with peaks in B. aculeata, whereas a few different assemblages were associated with lows in B. aculeata. Leventer et al. (1996) interpreted the variability in diatom assemblages as an indication of changes in productivity associated with changes in water column stability.

Abelmann and Gowing (1997) studied the horizontal and vertical distributions of radiolarians in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. They show that the spatial distribution of radiolarian assemblages reflects hydrographic boundaries. In a transect from the subtropical Atlantic to polar Antarctic zones, radiolarians in the upper 1000 m of the water column occurred in distinct surface and deep-living assemblages related to water depth, temperature, salinity, and nutrient content. Living assemblages resembled those preserved in underlying surface sediments (Abelmann and Gowing, 1997).

Circumantarctic coastal sediments from neritic environments contained a distinctive assemblage dominated by the Phormacantha hystrix/Plectacantha oikiskos group and Rhizoplegma boreale (Nishimura et al., 1997). Low diversity and species compositions distinguished the coastal sediments from the typical pelagic Antarctic assemblages. Factors that controlled the assemblages were water depth, proximity to the coast, occurrence of sea ice, and steepness of topography, rather than temperature and salinity. Nishimura et al. (1997) found a gradient of sorts from deep-water sites containing diverse assemblages typical of pelagic environments to coastal sites with low diversity assemblages dominated by P. hystrix/P. oikiskos group and R. boreale. In general, sites between these two extremes had increased proportions of the coastal assemblage with decreasing water depth (Nishimura et al., 1997). At a site near Hole 1098 (GC905), they showed that the relative abundance of the coastal assemblage increased downcore (Nishimura et al., 1997). The purpose of the research presented here was to make a cursory investigation into the radiolarian assemblages as possible paleoenvironmental indicators.

Project(s):

**Ocean Drilling Program**(ODP)

Coverage:

*Latitude:*-64.861930

** Longitude:*-64.208000

*Date/Time Start:*1998-03-13T00:00:00

** Date/Time End:*1998-03-13T00:00:00

*Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock:*1.5 m

** Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock:*45.0 m

Event(s):

**178-1098B**

** Latitude:*-64.861930

** Longitude:*-64.208000

** Date/Time:*1998-03-13T00:00:00

** Elevation:*-1010.6 m

** Penetration:*43 m

** Recovery:*44.66 m

** Location:*Drake Passage

** Campaign:*Leg178

** Basis:*Joides Resolution

** Method/Device:*Drilling/drill rig (DRILL)

** Comment:*5 cores; 43 m cored; 0 m drilled; 103.9 % recovery

Parameter(s):

# | Name | Short Name | Unit | Principal Investigator | Method/Device | Comment |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

1 | DEPTH, sediment/rock | Depth | m | Geocode | ||

2 | Sample code/label | Sample label | Weinheimer, Amy L | DSDP/ODP/IODP sample designation | ||

3 | Abundance | Abund | Weinheimer, Amy L | |||

4 | Radiolarian preservation | Rad preserv | Weinheimer, Amy L | G = good, M = medium | ||

5 | Plectacantha oikiskos | P. oikiskos | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

6 | Phormacantha hystrix | P. hystrix | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

7 | Lithomelissa setosa | L. setosa | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

8 | Antarctissa strelkovi | A. strelkovi | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

9 | Antarctissa denticulata | A. denticulata | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

10 | Lithomelissa sp. | Lithomelissa sp. | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

11 | Spongodiscid sp. | Spongodiscid sp. | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

12 | Rhizoplegma boreale | R. boreale | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

13 | Dictyophimus gracilipes | D. gracilipes | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

14 | Helotholus histricosa | H. histricosa | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

15 | Phormostichoartus corbula | P. corbula | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

16 | Cromyechinus antarctica | C. antarctica | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

17 | Phorticium clevei | P. clevei | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

18 | Larcopyle buetschlii | L. buetschlii | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

19 | Peridium spinipes | P. spinipes | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

20 | Spongopyle osculosa | S. osculosa | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

21 | Spyrid group | Spyrid gr | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

22 | Saccospyris antarctica | S. antarctica | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

23 | Spongotrochus glacialis group | S. glacialis gr | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

24 | Cycladophora bicornis | C. bicornis | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

25 | Stylodictya multispina | S. multispina | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

26 | Sethoconus tabulatus | S. tabulatus | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

27 | Lithelius nautiloides | L. nautiloides | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

28 | Botryostrobus auritus/australis group | B. auritus/australis gr | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

29 | Spongurus pylomaticus | S. pylomaticus | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

30 | Spongurus sp. | Spongurus sp. | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

31 | Siphocampe arachnea group | S. arachnea gr | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

32 | Arachnocorallium calvata | A. calvata | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | group |

33 | Spongotrochus sp. | Spongotrochus sp. | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | Spongotrochus sp. (?) cf. S.venustum |

34 | Lithelius minor | L. minor | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

35 | Druppatractis irregularis | D. irregularis | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

36 | Acanthosphaera corlocae | A. corlocae | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

37 | Actinomma spp. | Actinomma spp. | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

38 | Cycladophora davisiana | C. davisiana | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

39 | Actinomma sp. | Actinomma sp. | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | Actinomma sp. cf. A. leptodermum |

40 | Plectacantha sp. | Plectacantha sp. | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

41 | Theocalyptra bicornis | T. bicornis | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

42 | Triceraspyris antarctica | T. antarctica | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

43 | Porodiscus sp. | Porodiscus sp. | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

44 | Octopyle stenozona | O. stenozona | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

45 | Eucyrtidium hexastichum | E. hexastichum | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

46 | Lithomelissa thoracites | L. thoracites | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

47 | Eucyrtidium cf. teuscheri | E. cf. teuscheri | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

48 | Euceryphalus histricosus | E. histricosus | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

49 | Dictyophimus sp. | Dictyophimus sp. | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

50 | Lithelius sp. | Lithelius sp. | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | Lithelius sp. 1 |

51 | Amphiplecta sp. | Amphiplecta sp. | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

52 | Cycladophora sp. | Cycladophora sp. | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

53 | Stylochlamydium astericus | S. astericus | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

54 | Antarctissa brevispina | A. brevispina | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

55 | Tetrapyle octacantha | T. octacantha | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

56 | Cyrtopera laguncula | C. laguncula | # | Weinheimer, Amy L | Counting >45 µm fraction | |

57 | Total counts | Total counts | # | Weinheimer, Amy L |

Size:

1985 data points