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Schefuß, Enno; Schouten, Stefan; Jansen, J H Fred; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S (2004): Accumulation rates of plant-wax-derived long-chain C25 to C35 odd-numbered n-alkanes and δ¹³C values of the n-C31 alkane of ODP Hole 175-1077B. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Schefuß, E et al. (2003): African vegetation controlled by tropical sea surface temperatures in the mid-Pleistocene period. Nature, 422(6930), 418-421,

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The dominant forcing factors for past large-scale changes in vegetation are widely debated. Changes in the distribution of C4 plants-adapted to warm, dry conditions and low atmospheric CO2 concentrations (Collatz et al., 1998, doi:10.1007/s004420050468) -have been attributed to marked changes in environmental conditions, but the relative impacts of changes in aridity, temperature (Pagani et al., 1999, doi:10.1126/science.285.5429.876; Huang et al., 2001, doi:10.1126/science.1060143) and CO2 concentration (Cerling et al., 1993, doi:10.1038/361344a0; Kuypers et al., 1999, doi:10.1038/20659) are not well understood. Here, we present a record of African C4 plant abundance between 1.2 and 0.45 million years ago, derived from compound-specific carbon isotope analyses of wind-transported terrigenous plant waxes. We find that large-scale changes in African vegetation are linked closely to sea surface temperatures in the tropical Atlantic Ocean. We conclude that, in the mid-Pleistocene, changes in atmospheric moisture content - driven by tropical sea surface temperature changes and the strength of the African monsoon - controlled aridity on the African continent, and hence large-scale vegetation changes.
Latitude: -5.179940 * Longitude: 10.436360
Date/Time Start: 1997-08-30T11:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-08-31T04:55:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 62.77 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 144.99 m
175-1077B * Latitude: -5.179940 * Longitude: 10.436360 * Date/Time Start: 1997-08-30T11:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-08-31T04:55:00 * Elevation: -2381.4 m * Penetration: 205.1 m * Recovery: 211.45 m * Location: Benguela Current, South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg175 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 22 cores; 205.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 103.1 % recovery
mcd-scale after Jansen & Dupont (2001, doi:10.2973/, Age after Dupont et al. (2001, doi:10.1130/0091-7613(2001)029<0195:MPECIT>2.0.CO;2)
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
2AGEAgeka BPGeocode
3Depth, compositeDepth compmcdSchefuß, EnnoIntercore correlation
4Sample code/labelSample labelSchefuß, EnnoDSDP/ODP/IODP sample designation
5Accumulation rate, sediment, meanMARg/cm2/kaSchefuß, EnnoCalculated, see reference(s)
6Sum n-alkanes C25-C35s n-alk (25-35)µg/gSchefuß, EnnoCalculated, see reference(s)
7Sum odd numbered n-alkanes C25-C35A odd (25-35)µg/gSchefuß, EnnoCalculated, see reference(s)
8n-Alkane, average chain lengthACL n-AlkaneSchefuß, EnnoCalculated, see reference(s)
9n-Alkane, C31/(C29+C31) ratioNorm31Schefuß, EnnoCalculated, see reference(s)
10Carbon Preference Index of n-Alkanes (C25-C33)CPI-(25-33)Schefuß, EnnoCalculated, see reference(s)
11n-Alkane C25-C35, fluxFlux C25-C35µg/m2/aSchefuß, EnnoCalculated, see reference(s)
12Sum odd numbered n-alkanes C25-C35, fluxA odd (C25-C35) fluxµg/m2/aSchefuß, EnnoCalculated, see reference(s)
13n-Alkane C29, δ13CC29 δ13C‰ PDBSchefuß, EnnoGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
14n-Alkane C4 plant, reference to C29C4 plant ref C29%Schefuß, EnnoCalculated, see reference(s)calculation: C4 = -21.5 per mil, C3 = -36.0 per mil
15n-Alkane C31, δ13CC31 δ13C‰ PDBSchefuß, EnnoGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
16n-Alkane C4 plant, reference to C31C4 plant ref C31%Schefuß, EnnoCalculated, see reference(s)calculation: C4 = -21.5 per mil, C3 = -36.0 per mil
2492 data points

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